Public international law are increasingly implementing national legislation.Due to this fact the most obvious, but no less important process - globalization.Therefore it is important to clearly understand which industries are components of international law and by what acts they are regulated.
Branches of public international law
As in national legislation, international counterparts have their own special branch of public law.They are varied and affect almost all areas of both states and ordinary individuals.
The most important among them is the section "Law of Treaties".This situation is explained by a simple fact: the industry is actually the basis for the functioning of the other components of public international law.It includes the legal regulation of the whole process of the establishment, operation and termination of international acts.
second most important sector is the "right to diplomatic and consular relations."In fact, it represents a continuation of the first branch and is its
logical consequence of the first two-thirds of the industry - "The law of international organizations", which establishes all aspects of intergovernmental and other state-level associations and organizations.On one level, it is located branch "International human rights law."
The following highlight a block of sectors aimed at organizing security.These rank:
- right to international security - which includes, including the prevention of wars of conquest;
- law governing the foundations of the territory;
- international law aimed at combating terrorism, and more recently, the fight against international piracy;
- international humanitarian law;
- criminal law in an international context.
next block has received the code name "economic."It includes the following branches of public law: the economic, labor, maritime, air and space.Although the latter could equally well be assigned to the next block.
international public law, resolve issues that are also associated with science.So naturally formed unit of the right of cooperation in scientific and technological progress, environmental, as well as the right to the protection of the world heritage.
stands apart branch of international procedural law.
As can be seen, international public law successfully covers all the most important spheres of public life.
sources of public international law
But regulation of the above sectors occurs in a different way than is the case in the national legislation.In this case the sources of public international law should be divided into two categories.
The first category may include basic standards concluded under the generally accepted rules.Forms for the past serve as an international treaty and international custom.
first is both multilateral and bilateral.It can be called directly by the contract or the conventions, agreements and so on. The main condition is that it should take at least two states.
international custom does not require such a procedure.The name itself clearly indicates that it is an unwritten rule has already been made in relations between the two countries, and therefore a special procedure does not require ratification.
second block comprise derivatives and secondary sources.These international public law considers resolutions and international legal precedents and doctrine.
From all the above it is clear that at present public international law plays a significant role not only in the circle of his subjects, but also seriously affect the development of the legislation.