in the country all over the world often meet marvelous design, plan the construction of which is sometimes difficult to understand by their appearance.Such, for example, the aqueduct.This massive structure resembles a bridge with high arches below.However, it is not so.
Construction of these facilities started long before the advent of modern plumbing.Even in ancient Rome, in order to deliver water from the reservoirs located high on the field, in the towns and other necessary places were built aqueducts.A synonym of the word in a narrower sense, it is the term "conduit".
Aqueduct - this building over the road or other obstacle for the water channel or pipe.Typically, material for construction of the facilities is a stone, iron or concrete.There is no special mechanism for the water supply was not there from the reservoir located high natural angle liquid flowed to the desired location.
should be noted that irrigation aqueducts of ancient Rome, and not only in Rome were open.While their counterparts water built with ventilation and completely isolated from external influence.Such structures can be found throughout the world: in Vienna, Sebastopol, Paris, New York and other big cities and small towns.
The earliest are the Roman aqueducts.Rapid population growth has forced the city architects of the time to bow their heads over the drawings and design construction project, which could help ensure that the water needs of the people.All sorts of containers, canals and gateways, connected to each other, turned into the world's first water.The water in these containers came from mountain springs, located near the city.Thus, when on the road meets the road swift stream or a ravine, the arch was built a special facility - the aqueduct.This architectural solution is widespread, not only in the empire, but also throughout the world.
most enormous structure of this type in the name of Rome was considered the aqueduct of Claudius.It is not difficult to guess that it was built in honor of the emperor of the same name.Construction of buildings were in 1st century AD.Rough stones and massive blocks of the aqueduct was built, gave him power and strength.Because of this, many scientists thought the structure of one of the most amazing plants on earth.Plumbing unit was located at the intersection of roads that are to be expected, led to Rome.First - Via Labicana.Second - Via Praenestina.The height of buildings in the 27 meters allowed to create huge gate, called Porta Maggiore.
on the territory of modern Russia there is also the aqueduct.This building is located in Moscow.Common name of this miracle of architecture - one million bridge.Original - Rostokino Aqueduct.Once it was the longest in Russia (356 meters) and was built for 25 years.In this process it has spent an enormous sum for those times - more than 1 million rubles, hence the name - a million bridge.Built on the orders of Catherine II, now the aqueduct is a pedestrian zone - it is completely renovated and is crowned with a roof.Located in the area of the structure of ENEA.