Hikkikimori (abbr. Hickey) in Japanese translates as being in seclusion, that is, "acute social withdrawal."This term invented to describe Japanese teens and young adults who refuse from social life and often seeking extreme degrees of isolation and seclusion due to various personal and social factors.Such people do not have jobs and live dependent relatives.
word "hikikomori" refers both to the social phenomenon in general, and to the individuals belonging to this social group.
message is used sometimes as a synonym for the term NEET, which stands for «Not in Employment, Education or Training».This abbreviation, as well as the term "hikikomori" is now often used in East Asian countries - Japan, China, South Korea.Such people exist around the world, such as in the United States (where they are called «basement dwellers»), and in Europe - in particular, the concept of «NEET» emerged in the UK.
According to psychologist Tamaki Saito, in Japan there are about 1 million hikikomori (20% of all young (30 years old) people in Japan, or 1% of the total population of Japan), although official statistics leads a modest sum of 50 000 people.
According to studies, among hikikomori more men than women - around 60-80%.
Usually parents unwittingly support this voluntary isolation of their child, not having the ability or the ability to recognize the problem, see the seriousness of it.This is connected with the special relationship between mother and son, characteristic of Japanese society (raising a child in Japan is engaged in most of the mother, so my father passed on to her the problem of hikikomori) - mutual emotional dependence, which in Japan is called "amae» (amae).This implicit contract between the parents and the child (that the parents did not attempt to change the lives of hikikomori and behaved towards him as much as possible passive) called the "strange world» (strange peace).
The Japanese culture is characterized by a respectful attitude to loneliness.Many Japanese, even romanticize the image of hikikomori, considering them hermits who came from the past, or who are not able to go back, or settle down in the modern world.This led to the popularization of the art image hikkimori:
anime series Welcome to NHK!almost entirely devoted to the fate of hikikomori.The anime series Yamato Nadeshiko Shichi Henge of a girl-a hikikomori.The anime series Kuragehime one of the heroines of hikikomori detective-NEET from Kamisama no Memo-chou protagonist of the anime series Chaos; Head is a hikikomori.The central character of the anime series Rozen Maiden - as hikikomori.In the anime series Sayonara Zetsubou Sensei one of the heroines - hikikomori.Film Lover Tom of hikikomori in the virtual space.Hikikomori is the protagonist of the third part of the movie "Tokyo!" - "Shakes Tokyo."The protagonist of the film Cat Girl Kiki - as hikikomori.The main heroine of the game Yume Nikki - hikikomori.The protagonist of the game Silent Hill 4 Henry Townsend almost did not leave his apartment for two years.In the post-rock band Laura features a composition called «Hikikomori».Despite the fact that the participants Laura - Australians Laura all albums have been recorded with the participation of the Japanese producer Naomune Anzai, and the band often performed in Japan together with another similar project - World's End Girlfriend.The main character of the manga AIKI - as hikikomori.The protagonist of the Japanese author Ryu Murakami book Parasites is a hikikomori.In dark ambient project Kraai composition has the same name.In the anime series Higashi no Eden is one of the characters is a hikikomori.
reasons hikikomori phenomenon primarily social.In the past few decades, young people are becoming increasingly unable to carry out the requirements that makes them modern society.They are not able to form or to distinguish their "tatemae" ("social role", "mask", "facade" - this from the Japanese society is very, very high expectations) and "honne" ("now I", "real identity""yourself").The middle class in post-industrial society, Japan has achieved a standard of living that their parents can not afford to support their children to quite a ripe old age.In poor families, the Japanese hikikomori are not found, asChildren soon face the problem of "how to make a living" and must "go to the people" to work even with serious problems with communication.
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Articles Source: i-fakt.ru