paradigm - a set of different views, ideas and concepts relating to model problems and their solutions.Under this definition also refers to the system of research methods adopted in a certain historical period in the scientific community.At the specified time, they are the basis for the community of researchers around the world.If we formulate the word "paradigm" is easier, it is the original model or design of the problem and how to resolve it.The term is most often used in sociological and philosophical circles.
Absolutely all of the currently known science needed time for the formation and development.When the basic concepts are formed, and a period of maturity, it comes time to go to the paradigmatic status.Each of the sciences required for this length of time is different, it all depends on their urgency and relevance in society.Paradigm - a defined structure, which contains the concept of the subject of science, its methods and theories.
Every science goes through four general stages of development:
- 1st stage is the accumulation within a certain paradigm of existing knowledge.
- Stage 2 is characterized by an abnormal condition, because the available knowledge does not explain the scientific facts obtained during the investigation.
- 3rd stage is a time of crisis when it comes to the new paradigm replaces the old.
- 4th stage - revolution.
There are several types of paradigms.Some are intended to justify the fact why the definition of science must be assigned the status of self.The second point to certain historical periods in which the formation and development of the doctrine.Also paradigm - is the scientific community, educational science at some stage.It can not be compared to theory because its capabilities are much broader.Within the paradigm of scientific categories can be created, it creates a picture of the subject, explains the nature of the object.Due to this, it is possible to distinguish the different species and their build any number of theories.
paradigms of sociology is divided into three types.The first concerns the social facts, they entire sociology is reduced to only two groups: institutions and structures.There is also a paradigm of social definitions.In this case, the emphasis is not on the facts as such, but on the ways in which they are found and identified.If the company agrees with the view that certain facts are real, then they really is.Users have the ability to play the role of actors and evaluate the reflected based on the symbols, meanings, gestures that are a combination of factors specific to the social reality.
paradigm - it is also the study of social behavior.Such a system is more suited to American schools.It is based on observation and detailed study of social behavior and psychological factors associated with it.If a person behaves properly and does what society expects from him, then he wants to get a reward appropriate.If he is an immoral way of life, he will be punished for it.The American School of Sociology dedicated to the issue of many scientific papers and research in this area.