The development of modern society greatly influenced the cultural heritage of the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire, the Egyptian kingdom and many other, equally great civilizations.A huge number of monuments of culture came to the present day, presenting society traditions, customs and worldview of the ancient people.
Byzantine art - the clearest example of this.After the division of the great Roman Empire kings ascended the throne of Constantinople, who left after his reign odinnadtsativekovogo huge number of cultural values.Complex and difficult stage of historical development not only exacerbated the growth and improvement of the arts of civilization, but also gave the world an unforgettable artifacts, a small part of which is accessible to visually explore and now.
Byzantine art began its development with the slave system.A smooth transition from antiquity to the Middle Ages also laid on improving the culture of an indelible mark.This period is characterized by the magnificent monuments of architecture and fine arts.It was then that the architects have tried to save the state a huge legacy that got people out of the great Roman Empire.
huge role in the art of Byzantium had the adoption of Christianity by the people.This state closer together such dissimilar areas like Russia, Georgia, Armenia, Serbia, etc.This period is inherent in widespread installation of the dome ceiling in the construction of temples.In the medieval period is the development of such areas as the creation of mosaics, frescoes and miniatures.It is worth noting that at this stage it is playing an increasing role iconography.But sculptural creations can not boast of its rapid development.However, a special charm and unique beauty in the art of Byzantium is imposed public life and operation of the people of the state.At the same time the church served as a full benefit of society.In accordance with the medieval representations of the people, the emperor is the vicar of God.His power supports powerful ecclesiastical apparatus.
Byzantine Art has also undergone some changes.Artists of the first centuries of our era has been displayed in the creations vivid images that have been imbued with allegorical features.Plasticity and a distraction from the Christian principles - these are the main features of the paintings of the time.They have been replaced by creativity, the main feature of which was divine.The expression of spiritual greatness became an integral part of every work of art.
Church was the only chief critic.The main areas on which was the development and establishment of art are icons, frescoes, mosaics and book miniature.Background shimmering golden color, sparkling facets of stones and glazes, bright designs - these are the main features of almost any product of the creators of the era, which is the world famous Byzantine.Art of the State passed several stages in its development.The first is the early Christian phase (from the 1st to 3rd century AD).This is followed by the so-called early Byzantine affecting the sixth and seventh century.This period is known for the development of temple architecture and mosaics of Ravenna.Behind him comes a half-century iconoclastic stage, which came to replace the Macedonian Renaissance, which lasted until the 11th century.The penultimate period became the era of conservatism, and ended with the development of the great Byzantine art Hellenistic origins and anti-crisis trends, which is reflected in the Palaeologus Renaissance.