At a certain stage of development of European countries there are specific form of government, which is called "enlightened absolutism."The ideas of the Enlightenment had a great influence on the formation and development of enlightened absolutism.
enlightened absolutism in Russia tried to counter issues such as class inequality, the excessive role of the church in the ideological field, the arbitrariness of the authorities.Enlightened absolutism was based primarily on the principle of "natural rights" rights, such as equality, freedom, the right to private property.
enlightened absolutism supposed reformation that will lead to power "reasonable law" under the direction of "enlightened monarchs".Enlightened absolutism in Russia assumed the implementation of the ideal of "public good", that is,economic prosperity, international security and social harmony.
when Europe dominated the principles of enlightened absolutism in the Russian supreme authorities to achieve modernization of the country, the development of trade and progress in the industry.Became clear that lead management system in line with the world standards and the "spirit of the times."This was to strengthen the unlimited power of the monarch.
enlightened absolutism in Russia was used as a way of resolving social confrontations and reduce tension in the lower strata of the population.
In addition, Russia at the time claimed the lead role in the international arena, so Catherine II actively used words and persuasion, not violence.
But enlightened absolutism in Russia tried to introduce on unprepared soil.Social life is not yet ripe for the taking of such beliefs, and their implementation.There was no spiritual prerequisites for the transition to such a system of control.The bulk of the population was uneducated, the national bourgeoisie was practically absent in the community prevailed patriarchy.Prevented the development of society and the nature of ruling.Full control of the monarch of all forms of public life, who did not want to refuse from any side of their own power, led to the fact that enlightened absolutism in Russia was extremely controversial.
It is believed that through such a course of Catherine II tried to mislead Europe.Hide the true nature of her power - this is what was the purpose.Catherine 2 and enlightened absolutism - a combination prodvoryanskogo rule and liberal ideas.
Catherine II was the central figure of enlightened absolutism.In many ways this policy was an expression of his own views and qualities of the Empress.It was a continuation of the progressive activities of Peter I, attempts to strengthen Russian power.
Catherine II was an outstanding historical figure.She directed a great effort to study Russia: actively taught the language, history and traditions.At the same time she was interested in the ideas of the French Enlightenment.Some of them found a sincere response to the Russian empress.Therefore features of absolutism in Russia are closely connected with her personality.
Catherine II was well aware that the nobility did not renounce their rights and property, but at the same time condemned serfdom.As a result, fearing for their own safety and the power, the Empress made a choice in favor of a successful kingdom and not achieve liberal values.As a result, these measures were bound to strengthen the Russian autocracy by modernizing the administrative system.At the same time irresistibly expanded the rights of the nobility, it is turning into a truly enlightened class.With the help of a set of measures in Russia spread European culture and education.Russia's prestige abroad grew steadily.