struggle for power after Stalin's death began the very next day.The leader died in 1953, the year, the 5th of March.6th a meeting of the Central Committee.It was decided to assign to the key post of Chairman of the Council of Ministers Georgi Malenkov Maximilianovich.This figure in recent years was the head of the party apparatus and was considered (unofficially) the second person in the party and government.
Malenkov became the first deputy of former assistant Joseph Stalin: Lavrenty Beria, Lazar Kaganovich, Vyacheslav Molotov, Anastas Mikoyan.
were formed individual ministries and Secretary of the CPSU headed by them.So, the head of the Foreign Ministry was the Molotov, the Interior Ministry (combined with the KGB) - Beria.Bulganin was appointed Minister of Defense.Ministry of foreign and domestic trade led Mikoyan.
Khrushchev had been removed Acting First Secretary of the Party Committee of Moscow.At the same time Khrushchev became the party apparatus one of the leaders.In other words, Khrushchev was not endowed with some government positions held by the Central Committee in second place.
struggle for power after Stalin's death led first to the fact that Malenkov took first place in the government.By long tradition, the Chairman of the Council of Ministers at the same time considered the first person in the government and in the leadership of the party.
However, eight days later (March 14) Malenkov, who had not managed to legitimize the authority, given a choice.Chairman had to choose between the offices of the Secretariat of the Central Committee and the leadership of the government.Malenkov prefer the latter.This meant that the activities of the Secretariat of the Central Committee passed under the leadership of Khrushchev.
power struggle in the early stages was characterized by vigorous activity Beria.Lavrenty Pavlovich was able to concentrate the greatest strength in their hands.Mostly, this was possible thanks to the strong support in the form of the apparatus of state security and internal affairs.
struggle for power after the death of Stalin, Beria he believed, could be successful with the support from below.For the popularity of Lavrenty Pavlovich held several political events.Beria announced an amnesty, stop "Doctors' Plot", made a few steps in the development of international relations.He also proposed to raise the German question, to solve the conflict with the leadership of Yugoslavia.
But Beria off guard and forced to join the rest of the leaders.The struggle for power after Stalin's death continued.
initiative to eliminate Beria took over Khrushchev.With members of the Presidium Khrushchev held secret negotiations, then he enlisted the support of Malenkov and military leaders.
As a result, after three and a half months since the death of Stalin, Beria was taken into custody.The arrest carried out under the supervision of a group of generals Zhukov.According to the official version, Beria was executed in 1953, in December.
After elimination of Lavrenty Pavlovich processes started on other figures.Thus, for example, were shot deputy Abakumov (the former chief of the MGB) and himself.
These drastic measures have strengthened the position of Khrushchev and military leaders.At the same time weakened the role of Malenkov in government.
After Beria was eliminated, began conflicts between Malenkov and Khrushchev.Basically controversy concerned the economy and the role of society in the ongoing transformations.Position Malenkov was subjected to quite severe criticism.As a result of disagreements he had to announce his resignation.
eliminating Malenkov, Khrushchev was appointed to the presidency of the Council of Ministers Bulganin.Minister of Defense also became Zhukov.
These rearrangements within the governing apparatus was no doubt, however, partial victory, because the position of Nikita remained unchanged.