Russia in World War I.

starting point of the First World War is considered to be the moment when the heir to the throne was abolished in Austria Serbian conspirators.For this reason, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia was Germany - Russia and eventually it was attended by France, England and even thirty-two states.

Russia in World War I led the fight for spheres of influence and the division of the world, its interests, it spread to Constantinople, the Balkans and the Black Sea straits, because the possession of facilitated free access to the Mediterranean Sea.Also, there was a struggle against the economic impact of Germany.

ad war on Germany in August 1914 contributed to the upsurge of patriotic sentiment in Russian society, which led to the unity of authority and people, as well as the decline of the revolutionary movement, which was launched in 1912.However, this truce did not last long, and soon (after many defeats Sovestky army) again clashes between the opposition and the authorities.

Russia in World War I, rescuing allies (the Allies and France) launched an offensive in Prussia.First, it developed quite successfully, as in Germany for its suppression from the Western Front withdrew some of its buildings, but the Soviets were defeated, the armed forces of France won the battle on the river.Marne.Several successful military actions on the Russian-Austrian front, by the end of 1914 the enemy had lost half of his troops.

At the end of that year, it became clear that Russia's allies in World War I were able to destroy the plans of German conduct of the fighting and forced her to fight on two fronts.But even then, the Soviet army began to feel the shortage of equipment and ammunition.Taking advantage of this situation, Austrian and German forces began offensive operations, and in 1915 had been lost Galicia, Lithuania, Poland and Volyn.But despite the military victories of Germany, she was never able to achieve the surrender of the Soviet army.

At this time begins to increase dissatisfaction with the authorities in Russia.The war dragged on, so increasing anti-war sentiment, it has contributed to a breach of trade relations, which led to a drop in industrial production to a halt the development of the transport system.

Russia in World War I was not able to meet the needs of the front.All this has caused the growth of social tension in the country and the political activity of various groups, undermines the credibility of the authorities.

During the war, the king has been replaced by a large number of ministers, which indicated that the monarch's inability to find a way out of the situation in the country.By the end of 1916 began to emerge workers movement, had an anti-war character.So, there were strikes, street demonstrations and rallies, and in February 1917 there was a mass uprising, leaving Nicholas I abdicated, the Provisional Government was established.

This provisional government organized an offensive at the front, but it ended in failure.Due to the inability to conduct military operations in March 1918, it was signed the Brest treaty with Germany, Russia in World War no longer involved.

Summing up, we should say that the hardships of war only exacerbated the contradictions that have not been resolved after the revolution of 1907.The failure in the conduct of hostilities contributed to the destruction of the authority manarha and increased public discontent.All this means that the imperialist war into a civil war.

define the role of Russia in World War I, should be noted that it currently focuses on most of the enemy forces that influence the course of military operations in allied countries.