Indian Ocean - the warmest ocean in the world

Everyone knows that our planet four oceans.Pacific is the largest and deepest, the Arctic - the smallest and the cold Atlantic - most salty.And what is the warmest ocean?Indian!He is the third in size and occupies an area of ​​about 76 million. Square kilometers, bathing the coast of Antarctica, Australia, Eurasia and Africa.He has a complex bottom topography, which is formed by continental plates: Hindustan, Arabia, Africa and the Antarctic.In place of the junction plates are placed mid-ocean ridges.They are bottom of the ocean is divided into three parts.Depth (average) of approximately 4000 square meters.The maximum depth in the Sunda Trench, it is fixed at more than 7500 meters.

So Indian - the warm ocean.This is because it is the most northern part of the warm compared to other oceans due to the warm and good insulation from the cold water masses.In the waters of the Persian Gulf is the water temperature reaches over 30 degrees, and the ocean flows into the Red Sea, which is considered to be warmer in the world.

warmest ocean has great salinity.The reason for this - high evaporation, and the fact that there is not enough water desalination.

Indian Ocean characterized by monsoons.This is due to extensive border with the mainland.Contrast pressure over the ocean and over land causing strong winds.In winter over Asia region increased pressure promotes the formation of the northeast monsoon, and in summer it is changing humid southwest.In summer there are winds with a force greater than 7 points.In winter, the weather is more sharp (in the form of floods and hurricanes on land).In the southern tropics reigns southeast trade winds.The high speed of the trade winds and the monsoon creates surface currents, which change every season.The largest such passage is Somali.It flows in the winter from the north to the south, and in the summer reverses direction.

warmest ocean in a great variety of flora and fauna.The wealth of living organisms and plants most widely represented in the coastal areas and the tropical region.Water saturated with mass plankton - food for larger fish.The most abundant fish in the Indian Ocean are a variety of sharks, tuna, dorado.Are found giant sea turtles and snakes, whales, seals, sea elephants.Often there are brown and green algae.In a constantly warm waters of widespread coral structures and polyps.The islands of continental origin Sri Lanka and Madagascar are considered to be the largest.Determine what is the warm ocean on the globe, and enables the fact that the water expanses of the Indian Ocean are such a popular resort islands like the Seychelles and the Maldives.

Natural Resources at the Indian Ocean, use less resources compared to other oceans.Although the fisheries sector in many countries plays an important role.A foundation of commercial fish is tuna.The warmest ocean is rich in oil and gas.According to their reserves and production, he takes the first place.And one of the largest oil fields is the Persian Gulf.