When in 1959 the Soviet government took a seven-year plan was first raised and scientifically justified question of the intensification of production.But the fore he was pushed much later.
At the end of the seven-year rate of growth of productive not only not increased, but decreased significantly.Socrates and capital productivity.
In 1964, in March, the authorities had a new group.It should be noted that the new political formation (according to some researchers) did not show active commitment to carry out economic reforms in the country.However, do not react to the situation at the time it was simply impossible.Especially acute was the industrial and agricultural issues.In some areas of the state lack of food has provoked the need to introduce rationing (coupons) of the population.
In 1965, in March, was held Plenum.It gave the report a new party leader - Leonid Brezhnev.Leonid Ilyich spoke about the need to take urgent measures to further develop the agricultural sector.
Of course, after the March Plenum of the policy of the state to radically change once could not.However, this period played a significant role in the further economic development of the USSR.So, after the Plenum of the increased allocation for rural needs, it raises the cost of products sold to the state, increased energy, and improved material and technical base of agriculture.
The September Plenum government adopted a decree on making improvements in the management of industry, the development and improvement planning, strengthening the industry and stimulate production.With the adoption of this resolution in the USSR, the economic reforms of 1965.
Most researchers attributed the transformation to the activities Kosygin.The report of the September Plenum and included some suggestions EG Liberman (the famous economist).
Economic Reform 1965 was conceived on the model of the system that existed in the country at the time of the NEP.However, a significant difference was that in the 1920s the economy a significant role was played by private enterprises, which are 60-70 absent completely.
economic reform in 1965, its concept has three directions.
to improve product quality and increase production volumes should increase the material interest of collective enterprises.The Government is planning to hold the relevant activities.
In addition, the economic reform of 1965 provided for the adoption of certain measures to improve planning.They are aimed (the measures) were in fact taken to ensure balanced development of plans for the agricultural industry and the increase in production and technical level.
third pillar, which should relate to the economic reform of 1965, is a system of industrial management.It was assumed that the existing economic councils will be eliminated and replaced by the ministries, which were to become not only the all-Union, and Union-Republican.Thus provide for a single technological progress.
economic reform in the Soviet Union was to facilitate the transition from the administrative system of economic management to economic methods.
important task was to convert the increase in operational and economic independence of organizations and enterprises.Reform proclaimed manufacture the main link in the socialist economy.
Thus, companies were given unprecedented freedom.Since they could plan the pace of development in productivity, lowering costs.In addition, companies can set their own average wage.