Classical philosophy of ancient China

philosophy originated in any country in the very heart of mythological concepts, and used their material for their own purposes.Not an exception in this respect and the philosophy of ancient China, but Chinese myths, compared with mythical images of other countries have their unique specificity.As the characters are real gold appear dynasty of the past centuries.A small amount of material provided by the Chinese myths, which reflects the views of the Chinese on human interaction with the environment, its development and interaction, does not play a leading role in ancient Chinese philosophy.Nevertheless, all of the Chinese natural-philosophical teachings originate in mythology and primitive religion.

Religion, like philosophy of ancient China is unique and unique, by chance, two basic philosophical direction - Confucianism and Taoism have a pretty vivid religious background.


major role in the history of political and ethical thought, undoubtedly played the teachings of Confucius, his b

asic philosophical views are described by his disciples in the book of "The Analects".For many centuries, this book is the most powerful tool for influencing the mentality of the Chinese people.Confucius preached patriarchal conception of state power, the state is represented in it like a big family, the emperor - his father, and all relationships are based on the dependence of the younger seniors.Simply put, Confucius advocated the concept of aristocratic government, while the common people to the management of the state is not allowed.

must pay tribute to the great thinker, Confucius did not call for violence, and urged the ruling class to practice virtue and humility.According to him, the main subjects of the virtue is humility and submission to the Government.Confucius negative attitude to external conquest of the country, internecine warfare and subjugation of other peoples of their power.However, the ancient Chinese philosophy does not deny the value of the legislation, however, it appears to be giving it only a supporting role.

Confucianism, immediately after its birth, takes positions of influence in political and ethical teachings of ancient China, proclaimed the official ideology, and remains on a state religion.The philosophy of ancient China is not Confucianism as a whole doctrine, some of its elements are the products of a despotic centralized Chinese state.

Taoist philosophy of ancient China is not confined to the Confucian views, it has become an excellent alternative to Taoism.The focus of this teaching are the cosmos, the nature of man himself, but the comprehension of these concepts is not an ordinary type of logical thinking, and with conceptual introduction to the true nature of existence.Its founder - Lao Dan, was a contemporary of Confucius, and the Ancient Chinese philosophy, with its views of life were not alien to him.

Today Tao - one of the most appropriate concepts and methods to explain the origin of all things on the planet.It manifests itself in the history of things, but in itself is not an independent entity, as the Tao has no sources.A man is defined as a part of nature, he should keep this unity with nature and live in harmony with the world, from which actually appeared.This is based on the basic peace of mind and peace of mind of man.

Thus, the philosophy of China has undergone significant changes in the earliest stages of its development.Search for the meaning of life and the desire to find their place in the world has allowed many of the greatest minds of mankind to leave its own unique and vivid imprint on history.