Social psychology - an important tool in understanding the laws of development of society

In life, people do not just exist and interact with each other.In other words, they communicate, exhibit certain emotions, in a certain way to treat others, etc.If all this social life combine, then it can be called in one word - a psychological reality.It is this psychological reality social psychology studies.

All the knowledge possessed by the people in the framework of social psychology, for convenience systematized.So, this science contains a scientific understanding of the diverse socio-psychological phenomena, laws, their causes, functioning.In addition, social psychology is divided into sectors, which are deeply studied.General views on the direction of a developing social psychology.Methods of using the accumulated experience in public relations.At the head of the socio-psychological relations is social psychology of groups, as well as interpersonal relations.And for the second time social psychology studies all the remaining social processes and phenomena, such, for example, may be the mood of people, their feelings, "climate" in a particular group.

Social psychology has its object, that is, what the aims of its action.Thus, the object serve as a team and bring people together and separate individual personality.Themselves social psychological phenomena are classified according to the basic principles of affiliation to one or another, often completely different, communities or entities.Thus, social and psychological phenomena are taking place in an organized collectivity, that is, small and large groups.In large groups, social psychology is expressed in terms such as "psychology of the nation", "religious psychology", "class psychology" and "psychology of politics."All of these concepts even to look at and look unique, but in reality in their content much more complex.Even to this day scientists are not uniquely explain a certain phenomenon.

As for small groups, there are also present the social and psychological effects on the relationship between several persons or entire groups.However, it should be borne in mind that it is possible in such groups is the close contact between all people and individuals.Branch of social psychology that affects relationships, processes and phenomena in small groups called the psychology of small groups.In addition to the organized communities, as mentioned above, there are unorganized community.Data communities include squatter crowd or another mass of people.The social and psychological phenomena that spontaneously arise in these masses, are called - massiveness, but the behavioral responses that are peculiar to people from the crowd - disaster.In this regard, there are several areas of social psychology: The psychology of panic and fear, crowd psychology, psychology of propaganda, advertising psychology, psychology of rumors and a few others.Needless branch section of social psychology to study these processes and phenomena, called the massiveness of psychology class socio-psychological phenomena.

Separately, it must be said that the main object of study in social psychology is the personality.It should be noted that the person is a different phenomenon, characterized by the individual, and not related to interpersonal and group relations.

itself, however, the person is capable of under the influence of social relations has changed, move to any other state.These changes and processes studying a separate branch of social psychology, whose name - the social psychology of the person.