During the commission of any organization on a daily basis there are situations when the head is necessary to choose one option from a number of possible actions, in other words, to make a decision.Because the behavior of market participants always have a high percentage of uncertainty to the fore the methods of Foresight, to help analyze possible options for managing events and choose the best solution from several.
Essence and types of administrative decisions can not be considered without defining aspects, which together influence the development of effective managerial decisions.These aspects include: informational, economic, psychological, mathematical, technical, organizational, logical, legal aspects and many others.In short, the decision-making process involves the direct impact of the subject or the object of the control system to the control subsystem.
standard classification includes the following types of managerial decisions: traditional and nontraditional.Traditional decisions are based on the selection of the solutions that have occurred previously.Nontraditional forms of management decisions - a creative and unconventional approach to decision-making, the search for new options.
Based on the above, we can conclude that the traditional management decisions is very formalized and can be taken on a certain previously developed algorithm.Activity control becomes more effective, since the probability of error when deciding repeatedly decreases and the time spent on the decision, saving the expense of the lack of search for optimal variants.Naturally, for standard situations such management decisions take the form of regulations, rules and regulations.
But not all situations are played out on a particular scenario, there are those to which formalized approaches are not applicable.It is these kinds of administrative decisions reveal the potential of this head.Most often, the head of the balance between the two, allowing problems that arise through a variety of methods and principles.
content and types of management decisions are based on the use of such approaches as systematic, integrative, complex, dynamic, reproduction, process, administrative, mathematics, marketing, situational, behavioral.
System approach involves the relationship of components inside the system or object.The integration approach is exploring these relationships within subsystems, between levels and subjects.An integrated approach involves the complexity and diversity of areas of management, their relationship.A dynamic management approach considers the object of control in its dialectical development, and cause-effect relationships.Reproduction approach is the permanent reopening of certain types of products.Process approach based on relationship management functions.Administrative approach - a regulation and strict observance of the rules, roles and responsibilities.Marketing approach orients the control system to the consumer.The functional approach considers every need as a set of functions that require satisfaction.Situational approach identifies the suitability of a particular method of managing a particular situation.The essence of the mathematical approach - in the transition to quantitative estimates of management through the use of mathematical methods and expertise, and points calculations.The behavioral approach is distinguished by an increase in the efficiency of the organization by increasing the quality of labor resources of the enterprise.