Modern high technologies have given rise to the development of human society in all spheres of life.Unfortunately, the present invention is not always created and used for the good.Many of them can harm people, and some are made specifically for this.We are talking about weapons - terrible, destructive force that could kill thousands of people by pressing just one button.In the context of the political situation in Ukraine has become a weapon to play a particularly important role.What kind of weapons have in this country?
terms of the Ukrainian law on weapons
Weapons Ukraine - a term for various types of devices designed to destroy or eliminate the living or non-living targets, static or dynamic object.This concept refers to only those objects that have no other purpose, except for the above.
Small arms Ukraine - a kind of weapon designed to destroy certain targets at a distance that works thanks to instant chemical reaction after activation using gunpowder or other substance.Calibration of such weapons should not exceed 2.5 cm, otherwise it will no longer apply to the variety.One of the types of small arms are considered smooth-fighting units.They can be attributed to this category because of certain characteristics of the barrel.
Another kind of these mechanisms to hit a target - edged weapon.Ukraine - a country where this type of weapon is used quite often, especially during the events on the Maidan.Basically it is designed to hit a target in direct contact with it, but the main characteristic is that the person must bring it into motion by means of their own muscles.
Types of weapons in Ukraine
Weapons in Ukraine can be divided into several basic types, which, in turn, are composed of subtypes with particular characteristics.Thus, among the major weapons recovered: military, civilian (it includes sports, premium, alarm, hunting weapons and items of equipment for self-defense), service, cold and imitation weapons.Each of these weapons has its own specific characteristics and operating rules, which are set out in the legislation of Ukraine.Using them without special permission or not on duty is prohibited by law and is illegal.
bans on weapons handling in Ukraine
Weapons of Ukraine is controlled by the authorities, so unauthorized its turnover prosecuted.So, on the territory of the State denied arms trafficking, which is not listed as officially sanctioned and unofficial transactions related to the sale and purchase of weapons and the corresponding ammunition.Legally prohibited from using improvised weapons and his own modified units, which have not passed state inspection, do not meet the standards and may pose a risk not only for use but also during storage and transport.Also illegal is the use of weapons which by their appearance simulates any safety items and thus can be misleading when activated.
on the use, storage and movement of weapons on the territory of Ukraine shall be a special permit.Without it is forbidden to enact combat units, which have certain features in its design.For example, you can not use explosive or incendiary bullets actions balls, which shifted the center of gravity, and other ammunition.
weapons permit issued in Ukraine by government agencies or in connection with official duties established that permit and involve wearing a certain type of arms and ammunition.
Production of facilities for weapons
State control is also subject to any military weapons.Ukraine has developed a number of laws that prohibit the manufacture, repair and sale of ammunition and pieces of equipment without a special permit, which is issued to individuals with special authorities.
Upon receipt of such a document becomes the owner of a manufacturer to develop the combat units and can generate revenue from their sale, the creation or maintenance.Accordingly, the license allows the carrying out of testing activities for new weapons with the aim of improving them and checking the main parts of its structure.
In turn, military weapons can and should be made only at the request of the state of the armed forces, the Ministry of Defense or other agencies, which act in the interests of the whole country.
acquisition of weapons in Ukraine
Buy weapons unit can many groups of citizens, the list of which is set by the current legislation of Ukraine.For special permission to purchase arms individuals who by occupation or in connection with obtaining a license are entitled to purchase and carry units of various types of weapons.Also have this right organizations and companies to employees who put weapons on duty (for example, a variety of security companies).Cultural institutions involved in the restoration and further exhibition of trophy and other kinds of weapons, allowed the purchase and repair of units.
the temporary use of a weapon available to officials, whose security is of paramount importance for the state and the people they protect.
acquisition, repair, operation and sale can carry individuals and companies, which by law is entitled to all the above steps.
restrictions imposed as to the specific types of weapons, such as the smooth-bore weapon.Ukraine at the legislative level may not take any action in relation to this type of technology with explosive bullets or bullets with a displaced center of gravity, if the individual or organization has no relation to the army of the state.
Issue newest weapons in Ukraine
newest weapons in Ukraine - that's a topic that at the press conference raised Adviser to the Minister of Defense of the country A. Danyluk.He said that thanks to intelligence managed to get the scheme of Russian equipment used by opposition forces in the Donbas.Danyluk also said that these units can be upgraded weapons.If the weapon is able to create and modify, it will be possible to supply not only the actions of the Ukrainian army, but also to export to other countries.The industry trade are not yet very developed in Ukraine.Sales of advanced weapons abroad will allow the state to break new ground in the field of trade in military equipment.
Adviser to the Minister pointed out that at present, many countries are interested in buying new military developments.The latest weapons in Ukraine, as well as ammunition, plan to produce in the near future and in the future to put the production on stream.
armored vehicles in service with Ukraine
Weapons of Ukraine can be divided into several categories.One of them - it's armored vehicles, which are now especially active soldiers of the army.The most popular and frequently operated tank - T-55-64.On the basis of planned production of a new modified tank, which was announced in 2007, the heads of the Kharkov armored plant.T-55-64 is equipped with armored plates thickness of 20-80 mm and 100-mm cannon.This combat unit can reach speeds up to 60 km / h and go without refueling 600 km.
predecessor of T-55-64 is a T-80, which started to produce in Soviet times.This tank is the main weapons in 1976.The car has been modified three times.Modern tanks (T-80UD) is a diesel engine and a power reserve of equal 560 km.
addition to the tanks, the Ukrainian army is equipped with various artillery systems.So, the latest of which is the complex "Bastion 03", an advanced version of "Hurricane."Thanks to this military equipment can destroy the live target enemy units, various buildings and fortifications.Since nuclear weapons in Ukraine does not yet exist, this complex, along with tanks, is the main type of military equipment.
main Ukrainian machine based at the AK-74 - "Wild Boar".Plastic covers on the machine help to avoid prolonged contact with the metal parts of weapons, diminishing returns, so it is more convenient to fire.Shop "Boar" designed for 30 rounds.There have been numerous modifications of the machine, the latter - in January 2015.
«Fort 17" - as traumatic weapons.In Ukraine, producing this type of guns since 2004.This type of weapon is often used during the conduct of modern warfare in the region of Donbass.Standard ammo for this gun - 12 or 13 pieces, depending on the weapon modification.
Types missile Ukraine
Since nuclear weapons in Ukraine does not exist until now, the army of the State uses a wide variety of missiles, including the "Sapsan".Development of this type of weapons began in 1999, and then was suspended.Since the beginning of 2015 it is planned to resume work on the establishment of "Peregrine Falcon" using the latest high-tech.
in the Soviet Union was established missile R-27, which helped to fight in the air and intercept aircraft.Defeat the purpose could be carried out day and night with a huge range distance (up to 25km).
cooperation between Ukraine and the United States in the field of armaments
Many American politicians support the idea that it is necessary to cooperate with Ukraine in the field of armaments, as the US military has great potential and is of the view that the Russian Federation has entered into an open confrontationUkraine, supplying rebel armies DNI and LC different technique.Many summits and press conferences, Western politicians and public figures have repeatedly stated that Ukraine should "fight for their own identity and independence," but it has enough military power to resist such a power as Russia.
recently made a statement the commander of NATO forces in Europe F. Bridlava that Western countries should supply weapons to Ukraine to help it in the fight against the pro-Russian extremists.The politician said that against this state used a variety of means, ranging from information to military.Small arms Ukraine, armored, missile, its characteristics less than that, so many American and European officials insist on arms shipments Ukraine.