Postpartum depression - what it is and how to fight it?

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Not surprisingly, after 9 months of pregnancy, exhausting labor, the constant lack of sleep, feeding and numerous changes to which many are unprepared, postpartum depression affects about seven out of ten young mothers.

good news - is that many of this state passes quickly, without any intervention and have been mild.

After birth, a woman should expect frequent and sudden changes of mood, however, how to distinguish between "normal" bad mood from postpartum depression (DWP)?

If psychological changes in the nature of the newly-minted mom hardly fit into the norm, this may be several reasons: chronic sleep deprivation (a huge impact on your mood and attitude towards others), physical discomfort or illness, postpartum pregnancy, increased anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorderand postpartum psychosis.

According to doctors, postpartum depression are subject to five to seven out of ten women.Typically, post-partum depression - a slight and temporary conduct disorder, which occurs in the third or fourth day after birth, and reaches its climax on the fourth or fifth day.The most common symptom of postpartum depression - crying for no reason.

also possible flushes of energy and love for others, which are replaced by melancholy and despair.Other symptoms - mild irritability, anger and hostility, constant headaches, feeling of unreality, exhaustion and devastation, as well as the unrelenting anxiety.

The list of symptoms is also required to include a sleep disorder - is irreplaceable companions of women in the sequence of depression.

Easy postpartum depression usually goes away without any interference and without a trace in two weeks;If the symptoms and after this period, the diagnosis should be reconsidered.

Help friends and relatives, for example, help in caring for the baby, to help the young mother's sleep and help with household chores or tips on caring for your baby can support its fallen spirit.Women who once survived postnatal pregnancy, this situation often recur in subsequent pregnancies.

If symptoms of mild depression last longer than two put on, the disease becomes severe.

What if the woman is completely out of control?Then we are dealing with a "post-partum psychosis."It is a rare complication of postpartum depression, which occurs in one or two out of a hundred women survivors of the DWP.

It is possible that postpartum psychosis associated with bipolar disorder (t. E. Manikalno-depressive psychosis);it often occurs in women suffering from schizophrenia or mental disorder that has not been diagnosed before birth.

first symptoms (delusions of persecution, the most severe depression or schizophrenic symptoms) postpartum psychosis appear two weeks after the birth.

In addition to all the symptoms of the DWP, in patients with postpartum psychosis occurs as delusions and hallucinations on the subject of the child.Often when this mother feels fear for the child and believes that it is constantly exposed to mortal danger.

Treatment of postpartum depression

Treatment of postpartum depression begins with a correct diagnosis.In some cases, the mere definition of the disorder, manifested by symptoms, can improve the well-being of women and little to calm her.

Treatment of postpartum depression should be both medical and psychological.Before you diagnose the DWP, you should consider the physical conditions (such as diseases of the pituitary or thyroid gland).The heaviest and most difficult to cure a symptom Tx - sleep disorders.

After diagnosing the DWP, it can be an effective group psychotherapy.Also useful training for child care, support and care of relatives and friends, as well as recommendations for feeding a baby.

extremely effective drug treatment that does not require stopping breastfeeding.Despite the fact that anti-depressants still get into breast milk, there is no evidence that they are harmful to health and well-baby (but antidepressants should be sure to discuss with your doctor).

Tips to combat postpartum depression

immediately consult a doctor as soon as you notice the first symptoms of the DWP.The doctor will make the program's disease.Follow her!

regularly communicate with your doctor.Tell your doctor about any new symptoms or side effects of drugs.

Try to deal with stress.Many of the symptoms of the DWP, and manifestations of motherhood, unpredictable and emotionally debilitating.We are programmed to pay attention to all power and a child - do not forget that the child first and foremost need a healthy and loving mother.

Ask the father of the child and family to help you in taking care of the child.Separate duties.

Do not be ashamed to ask for help if you need it.It is not a confession of weakness.It only says that you are a man, and nothing human is alien to you.

Housework can wait;HOME is your responsibility - how to sleep.

The existence of the DWP, its symptoms and treatment need to know every woman who has given birth or just getting ready for it.The main thing - to know that postpartum depression is treatable.

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