Euro as the official currency was issued in 1999, replacing the previously used in the European Monetary System monetary unit called the ECU (since 1978) in a ratio of 1: 1.At first, it was a cashless treatment - a kind of parallel currency, were part of the Economic and Monetary Union.Cash (coins and notes) were EUR 1 January 2002.
Today, the euro is the official currency of the seventeen countries in the eurozone, as well as a walk in nine countries that are not part of it (seven of them are located in Europe).If you collect all the euro, the total amount of cash in circulation, would be even larger than the number of US dollars.
denominations and design
now known following denominations euro banknotes: 5 €, 10 €, 20 €, 50 €, 100 €, 200 € and 500 € - a total of seven items.One euro equals 100 euro cents.Besides handling of banknotes and coins are available.The smallest among them - the one cent coin and the largest - two euros.
chosen design of the new currency of the European Monetary Institute on a specially assembled a consultation.Of the 44 entries were selected by Robert Kalina made sketches of the euro.Denomination of notes, according to the proposed project depends on the size of the banknotes.Each note is a map of the EU and its flag.There are also inscriptions in all languages, performed in Latin and Greek transcription.In May 2013 put into circulation a bill 5 € with the inscription in Cyrillic.
Each note has the image of windows and doors with one hand, and bridges - on the other.From images of actual structures we have decided to abandon, replacing them with a European architectural styles of different eras.
Denominations euro have several degrees of protection: special paper, watermarks, introduced metallic strip, hologram, special printing, and so on.. But, nevertheless, it did not save the new currency from counterfeiting.
What denomination euro banknotes counterfeited most often?
Following the advent of the new currency, of course, there were and forgery.In Russia counterfeit euro came about six months after its introduction in Europe.As is always the case with new money - the first fake quality performance did not differ.But as they say, there is no limit to perfection - with the time to distinguish a fake from the original is becoming increasingly difficult.Fake euro fall in Russia mainly from abroad.The most common European currency counterfeited in Lithuania and sold in Germany.The values of the euro banknotes, which are most often counterfeited in Europe - it's 10, 20 and 50 €.In Russia this banknotes in denominations of 50, 100 and 200 €.Also, in countries of the European Union are walking fake coins 2 €.
How to distinguish a fake from the real bill?
If you do not know the original to you or a fake note the following points:
- Tactile sensations.Banknotes are printed on special paper, which is rarely seen in everyday life.In addition, the image on the front side of the banknote are made intaglio providing relief surface.
- Kinegram (pressed into the metallized paper element).When turning at different angles, it changes reflected.
- Watermarks.They must be clear and contrasting.
- All denominations euro banknotes are printed with a special ink.When changing the angle should change their color rather than color.
In conclusion, it should be noted that the universal way to identify a fake is still there.Mistake may even experts having at their disposal a sensitive detectors.By the way, according to statistics of counterfeit dollars found much more than the euro.