# Productivity - a performance formula ...

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Productivity - a measure of efficiency.However, this indicator is used for evaluation of the implementation of tasks in the personnel of the company or enterprise, and for the functioning of machines, personal computers, their components and separate software.Usually, the capacity to understand the number of products or the amount of information processed per hour, minute or second.Contact her the value - complexity - reflects the time it takes to release or analyze data.

key issue on the agenda of any business is to increase labor productivity, ie. E. Reduction in the time required to manufacture products and increased without additional cost of hiring new workers.Therefore, based on the strategy and its objectives and tasks should take into account the basic provisions of its increase and the factors that encourage staff to work better in the qualitative and quantitative aspects.Without this, no competitive advantage can not make the company a leader in the industry.

## Formula performance

Economic Statistics has been studying the performance of the enterprise with the help of a number of indicators.The key is to develop and time consuming.Actual performance - this is precisely the number of products manufactured by the company for a certain period of time.If we denote Q as the release of goods, T - the cost of labor hours, it is possible to create a formula.Thus, the performance - is the product of Q and T, or P = Q x T.

This result reflects the real performance of the enterprise.Forecasts expect cash performance.This allows the manager or supervisor to see what the maximum amount of products the company may issue at this stage of technology development.Additional costs and the likelihood of downtime in this formula does not take into account.

## Other ways to assess the effectiveness of

In the sectoral assessment of the economy labor productivity (PT) by means of two methods: direct and factor.For the first method requires the following parameters: the current output (O1) and the base (D0) periods, and the corresponding number of personnel (n1 and H0, respectively).Thus,

PT = (O1 x H0 / G0 x n1) x 100-100.

When using factor productivity accounts - a measure that is calculated in several stages.The first takes place classification parameters.The factors are divided into groups: organizational, technical, and structural volume.The first option involves the release of workers and equal to the ratio of the number of personnel in the current period and the difference - compared to the previous - as a percentage.

Productivity factor is determined by the volume of product output growth and proportion of full-time employees (in total) in percent, divided by 100. The structural component is equal to the product of the complexity of the specific weight of this product in total production.Overall performance is determined by adding the growth in each of the three factors.

## Improving productivity

basics of any business - is a rational and efficient use of available resources, including labor.It is only logical that the management seeks to increase output without the additional cost of hiring workers.Experts have identified a number of factors which can improve performance:

1. management style (the main task of the head - to motivate the staff, create an organizational culture that values ​​activity and hard work).
2. investing in technical innovation (buying new equipment corresponding to the demands of time, can significantly reduce the time spent per employee).
3. Trainings and seminars to improve the skills (knowledge of the production allows the staff to participate in the improvement of the production process).

## Reserves personnel efficiency

shows the performance formula, the rate is not constant, and can be corrected by a number of factors.Among them, the main place is occupied by technological progress and the correct organization of labor.Improving the technical component of production, the overall automation of functional processes and the establishment of communication between individual departments can reduce the time required to release.On the other hand, labor productivity growth can be achieved through the application of scientific management.However, it is important to understand that an increase in this indicator is not always conducive to improving the efficiency of the enterprise as a whole.This is due to the fact that, according to classical economic theory, factors of production, along with a hard raw materials (earth) and the capital.

## National features

production in the economy - it is the main object of study at the international level.As in most developed countries of the world there is an aging population, the extensive way of its expansion becomes impossible.Therefore, management refers to the efficiency of labor intensive.Russia in terms of growth performance of the country ahead of G7, the Central and Eastern Europe.This figure is an average for the Russian Federation is 4%.Now, however, the pace began to slow down gradually, due to the not quite correctly chosen model of economic growth.

In 2003-2008 labor efficiency has improved by 6%, and in 2014 - only 0.8%.The productivity in various sectors increases unevenly, so experts suggest that high unemployment may be a factor in the crisis.This is due to the fact that the dismissal of workers in low-profit industries will lead to overflow of the labor force in more efficient segments of the national economy.