Can long list of natural objects that have become subjects of study such science as geography: the continents, oceans, peoples and countries, mountains, plains, sea and more.In the same article focuses exclusively on the continents and oceans.
What is studying the geography of continents and oceans?
This course is necessarily present in the geographical departments of classical and pedagogical universities.As a rule, it is conditionally divided into three logical partition:
- Geography northern continents.
- Geography southern continents.
- geography of the oceans.
study this course and secondary school (7th grade).
What is studying the geography of continents and oceans?Science aims to consider regional peculiarities of the nature of our planet.This is the largest natural complexes of the Earth - the oceans and continents.Among these, geographers and try to find different patterns, sometimes comparing some parts of the planet's surface.
geography of continents and oceans - it is the discipline that is extremely important for the education of the younger generation.After all, without understanding the reasons for the students of all the Earth's natural diversity is impossible to environmental education is an important component of school education system.
continents and oceans - major natural systems of the planet
Continents - this is something that is studying the geography of continents and oceans in every detail and detail.It is the world's largest natural systems, which serve as an excellent model for the study of any natural laws and processes that take place in the geographical envelope.
What is the mainland?This is a huge land mass, surrounded on all sides by the waters of the oceans.On the planet stands six continents (in some countries - 5 or 7).The largest of these area - Eurasia, and the smallest - Australia.
important to note that the land and ocean distributed on the surface of planet earth is extremely uneven (approximately 30% to 70%).In the Northern Hemisphere, the percentage of the land is much higher, but in the South - south of 50 degrees it is practically none (with the exception of small islands and archipelagos).
all continents are separated by vast tracts of ocean.In total five of them on the planet (some scientists believe that there are only four) Quiet (the largest and deepest of all the oceans), the Atlantic (the restless), Indian (the warm and salty), the Arctic and the South.The existence of the latter is just the ocean and causes much controversy among scientists.
algorithms explore continents and oceans
continents and oceans, their nature study of regional geography of a clear plan.For example, a study and a description of the continent includes the following items:
- geographical situation of the continent;
- nature of the coastline, including the extreme points of the land;
- geological structure and topography of the territory;
- minerals bowels of the continent;
- climatic features;
- surface water (rivers, lakes, glaciers, and so on. N.);
- natural zoning.
In turn, the oceans are studied under the other plan, which includes the following items:
- geographical location;
- bottom topography and mineral resources;
- climate over the ocean;
- system of ocean currents;
- organic world ocean;
- particularly economic use of water areas.
In conclusion ...
Now you know that studies the geography of continents and oceans.This is one of the main courses, which are taught in the universities that train scientists and geographers and teachers.The main objective of this discipline - to consider key features and patterns of nature of all continents and oceans on the planet.