The purpose of any production is to maximize profits by reducing costs, increasing productivity and efficient use of all available reserves.The main role in this is management.As a production management system, management, based on an extensive database of various sciences, it can achieve all its goals.Guidelines in doing so, the rules upon which all decisions are the principles of management.
management principles synthesize the objective laws of the process of governance, which reflect the most important and recurring trends in the organization.
laws and principles of management organization providing immediate response following the changing conditions of the external and internal environment.
important patterns that determine the vector of development of the organization and, as a consequence, management, include a number of trends that are objective and are being implemented in the course of economic activity.
These include, in particular, to the development of management as a science-based economy, the transformation of the main methods in the changing economic environment.No less important is the regularity of management to determine the degree of influence of the environment in the formation of the organization's strategy and the choice of the necessary management techniques.Rationalisation of levels of the organization and use of monitoring in the course of their activities are important trends in the development of management as a core management tool.Management must be based in its development on the patterns of use of planned management.However, perhaps one of the most important laws is a dynamic change in the principles of management of the organization and its main functions.
Under the influence of the above-mentioned laws are principles of management.They form the basic requirements for the management methods of its implementation, the functions and structure of the organization.These include general and specific principles.
General management principles were first formulated the classic theory of management Henri Fayol.He identified 14 basic principles in his view of management.These are: the principle of division of labor, unity of command and control scalar chain.It presupposes the existence of an unbroken chain of command from the immediate superior to most effectively implement the goals of the organization.Thus, the author brings to the fact that the presence of authority, discipline, centralization, and subordination of the interests of the order - the most important principles of management.However, no employee will exercise all its goal without the implementation of the principle of justice and compensation for the work done.Smart manager must support the corporate spirit and promote the initiative among workers.Only in this way it will ensure the principle of stability of personnel, which greatly reduce the level of turnover.
Compliance with the principles ensures the success of the organization, high profits, an efficient system of production and minimize costs.
undoubted condition for effective process management is the need to take into account the specifics of the organization, especially the industry in which she carries her.Hence, the management principles acquire special character to work out a formula for the administrative impact on the organization that allows you to get the best result from its activities.