How to remove deleted files.

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concept of "memory", as such, is inherent not only to man: computer technology, for example, is equipped with a storage device (HDD, SSD), functional capacity which is primarily designed for recording, storage and management of the data obtained.After some time of free hard disk space is getting smaller, and the user simply has to erase the information.Most likely, not every one of you thought about how to remove deleted files.Nevertheless, the actual nature of the issue requires detailed consideration.After press button «Delete» only creates the illusion that erases destroyed, in fact, everything remains in place ... The material presented here will help you to answer a series of questions relating to a multi-faceted process of removing a variety of files from your hard drive.

How does it work?

file system changes only previously assigned to a remote file attribute in the future (actually filled) space on the disk can be overwritten.We will not go into the technical terms and touch the first part of the question on how to remove deleted files.For this resort to a simple example: should you pay attention to how quickly erased the file, which, incidentally, has a considerable "weight", for example, 100 MB.However, the process of copying on the hard disk of the same amount of data takes a relatively longer period of time.This is because before you get on the HDD, the file is assigned a name and reserved the required disk space, and the appropriate size.The system then reads the data from the storage medium, and adhering to a particular algorithm, copy them to your hard drive.It is worth noting that the rate of saving (the process of recording to the HDD) can be radically different as to the effects produced on other hard drives.The reason for this are primarily: drive type, poor readability drive (floppy disk), the storage device and deterioration of other equally factors influencing the process.But the second part of the question is solved, paradoxically, by the same method of recording, though in a slightly different incarnation.

How to remove deleted files: A concrete decision

That is why the efficiency of the hard drive is so high - the system does not waste time on the complete destruction of the erased data.All that Windows does, so it sets the file attribute "tag" remote, that is, making disk space for recording free.However, seeing the unreliability of this method, "utilization", it is worth remembering that if you overwrite your personal information in a standard way, it can always be exploited or detractors, elementary restoring unreliable "buried" the data from your hard drive.However, we are a little ahead of ourselves ... So, in order to remove information permanently, it takes a few times to overwrite the exact area of ​​the disc, which is undesirable to locate the file.And not just scoring clusters with new data or zeroing sector HDD, as confusing way of finding (markers definition) "rejected" ones and zeros, resorting to complex algorithms renaming.

From theory to practice

with questions of "how to remove deleted files" can help you unless specifically designed for such operations software-shredders (English-language word translated as shred, grind, in general, destroy).However, a variety of specifications and use of these tools is not always "friendly" in the understanding of, and some of them are not very practical to use.Therefore, given the fact that you are still not a secret agent, it is prudent to use one of the following two ways.

Option number 1: "crazy" reliable

In the case where you are selling someone else your old hard drive or just decided to say goodbye with the old drive, wise and simple way to protect themselves against unwanted leakage of information is simply notfind.

  • download the utility «Darik's Boot and Nuke» from the official site.
  • boot image can be written to flash memory, CD or DVD-ROM.
  • Of course, the program runs from under DOS.
  • You will be asked six methods of purification.It is advisable to use a third list: DoD Short.

Option number 2: file shredder

"How to delete unwanted files permanently without resorting to a total method of" large-scale mopping-up '? "- Perhaps you ask.In order to erase all signs of the existence of "junk data", select a free program «Eraser», follow the instructions:

  • Use the tab «Erase Schedule».
  • Click on the icon "triangle" in the dropdown menu, select «New task» (new task).Or simply press the key combination Ctrl + N.
  • Now specify the folder in which the "contender for the knockout."Make it quite easy: activate button «Add Data».
  • now use the «Browse ...» opposite the checkbox «File».And select the file to be deleted.
  • In the initial window, right-click on the folder you specified.
  • now resorting to the command «Run Now», you will overwrite the data "no right" to recover.

have knowledge of how to permanently delete a file, of course, useful.However, the user is essential to know and about other ways to release storage space used.Perhaps start.

main methods of removing

Integrated Cleaning Windows allows us to contact you with some comfort in the operations of "recycling" of the data that have become uninteresting for us, and to some extent simply distracting material.Shopping - an integral element of virtually any OS, whether Win or OS Mac.How do I delete a file ceases to be an issue, if the monitor is present the icon that resembles a tank, reservoir, or other container for disposal.However, sometimes the user desires to remove some files, but, oddly enough, does not have the ability, as not all be subjected to the process of destruction, and "caring system" lets us in this, especially when it comes to the operating system components.

SyS-extension limits us in some way?

In the struggle for space, the user can afford to disable some service OS and even remove non-critical components of the system.However, before you do anything, you need to understand the possible consequences of their sometimes thoughtless actions.The question "how to delete a file SyS" solved differently.However, not everyone knows that the sending system component in the basket, the user can deprive yourself of the pleasure of listening to music, watch videos, enjoy a full work of its own operating system.After all, the driver also has the extension SyS.Another question, when we want to "cut back the powers of" Windows, in order to disable the system to use disk space at its discretion:

  • swap file (pagefile).
  • Hibernate (hiberfil).
  • System Configuration (config).

For example, deleting the swap file, you need to understand that will have to rely only on memory.And if you have RAM to cope with the current challenges, you'll just "hang out".Disabling data redundancy for hibernation, you can not use hibernation mode.In general, in the first place, you can hurt themselves.And yet, how to delete unwanted files (if you really believe in it) to save space on the HDD?

When RAM in abundance

If your RAM to cope with the tasks assigned to it "obligations", you can delete the file pagefile.sys:

  • Go to "Control Panel".
  • find the "System" icon.
  • the left side of the interface click on the item "Advanced Settings".
  • In the window that opens, in the section "Performance" click the button "Settings".
  • then activate the "Advanced" tab.
  • Now click "Edit".
  • At the top of the window, select the system disk.
  • then put a marker on the item "No paging file" in front of the item, click on the button "Set".
  • Completion: "OK."

After rebooting pagefile.sys will be removed.

file that is open

you faced a problem when they could not remove an image, video or text.All this because the operating system is blocking the operation of open-source.Perhaps you've watched the video and forgot to close the player, or a text editor, which used a "contender for the destruction."In the case where the question "how to remove an open file" tormented you and defies logical resolution, you must complete the relevant process.Task Manager in this - a great helper.However, you can resort to the unit restart and log into the system via a secure mode.What elementary achieved by briefly pressing the keys «F8».Using this version of the input, it is likely that the image can be eliminated without much difficulty, so to speak by regular means the OS.However, sometimes these tips are incapacitated.But the way out of a difficult situation is always!Read on.

program Unlocker

With this software you will not only get a practical answer to the question of how to remove an open file, but also will be able to solve a lot of other difficulties when it is not possible to get rid of "fastidious guest" of your system by any of the knownyou want.It is worth noting that the program is free, easy to use and absolutely "weightless", that is, it takes only a few MB of disk space.Nevertheless, the performance and efficiency of its functionality greatly save your time and save your nerves.Integrating into the conductor, Unlocker will be available in any scenario action.By the way, this program would do well to resolve your problem "how to remove protected files."But more about that in the next chapter.

owner of the system: to reclaim their

It may be that by downloading or "dropping" on any PC file, subsequently you will not be able to remove it.All because you will have no rights to the work of such an operation.Of course, the program is not always effectively address the complications arising in any given situation, however trouble-free way still there.So, how to remove pdf-file or other format data that the system treats as protected.Elementary: become the owner of the information manually "re-write" all the rights for themselves.

  • Right-click on the selected file, call the submenu.
  • Select "Properties".
  • Then go to the tab "Security".
  • Next "Advanced".
  • now third tab to the left, right click on the "Owner", where you must click on the button "Change".
  • now point to their administrative rights and become full owner of "psevdozaschischennogo" file.

Practical user

Maybe for some users, this information will be not just a guide to the solution of the previously impossible task, as a kind of revelation opportunities.As a rule, many of the standard means of Windows: media player, browser, various editors or other integrated applications - are rarely used.Many of us set on the PC more comfortable and much more efficient operating policy decisions.Naturally there is a desire to get rid of "imperfect" software from Microsoft.But not everyone knows how to delete files "Vindovs" because the OS initially prevents the destruction of "their property".But such a "short-sightedness" Windows developers can fix.For this resort to the already known method - will become the owners of the system files.However, several of its ability to extend the permit affecting the operation of the OS.

  • repeat all of the previous paragraph.
  • After pop up a notification that you have become the owner of the file, click "Properties".
  • then "Security".
  • Next click on the "Change" button opens a window in which you need to put down markers opposite the relevant items.
  • Now you nothing limits.The system file may be deleted.

course, do not get involved, since you can "carry" the critical components of your operating system.Be prudent and very careful in his choice.By the way, the next chapter will help you solve a fairly common question, "How do I delete the video, which does not want to liberate occupied disk space, and everything else is not opened by any software tool."

Omnipotent Windows

problem of illegible or that the data format can be resolved without embarrassing sometimes finding and installing special software.In this case it is necessary to pay attention to the standard function of the OS family of Microsoft-HDD to check for errors.Most users question "how to remove the damaged file," the answer to which, by the way, is simple, but still needs a little explanation.The fact that the system can not remove it, which can not be read, and this fact!You need to scan the disk (partition) which is unreadable file, and it can be done in the following way:

  • "My Computer."
  • Click on the drive that contains the damaged file, right-click.
  • Now the "Properties".
  • then "Tools."
  • And finally - "Check Now."

is worth noting that in rare cases, the system refuses to perform this action by the above service.The variant of the console run the utility:

  • "Start" menu.
  • Run - «cmd»
  • then prescribes a command prompt: chkdsk a: / f

Where (c:) - partition, and (/ f) - option to correct mistakes.

Warning: If you check the system partition, you may receive the message that the check will be carried out during the next boot OS.However, you should agree with this proposal, and enter the letter «Y», that will be the proof of your actions.

Another important point in the decision, is not removed when "wounded information."You can try to change the file name, ie rename it.Also, do not attempt to change would be unnecessary expansion of the object "forced uninstall".For example: change avi to txt.

Warning: The system is in danger!

Now you know how to remove system files and that protection can be circumvented.Nevertheless, you should always remember that his own trimming Windows, you will not be able to anticipate and prevent the more erroneous changes in the operating system.With a superficial knowledge and not realizing the seriousness of the consequences, blindly amending executive and destroying files, dll-library or disabling critical service OSes, user jeopardizing the functionality and performance of a full-fledged program of the OS.So always remember the good old saying: look before you leap - one ...

In conclusion

As part of this article discussed the main methods of file deletion.However, sometimes it is not necessary to resort to complicated embodiments of the destruction of certain data ... in the main program Unlocker to cope with a variety of "neponyatki" competent enough.And yet, no one is safe from viruses in Windows, and in fact, "malicious code" could be the reason for Undelete file.However, this is a topic for another article.Taken away from you unsolvable problems!