After the revolution, the new communist government had to build a system of power again.It is an objective because it changed the very essence of power and its social sources.Like Lenin and his colleagues have succeeded, we will look at in this article.
Formation of system power
Note that in the early stages of development of a new state in the Civil War the Bolsheviks had some problems in the process of forming the government.The reasons for this phenomenon - both objective and subjective.Firstly, many settlements in the fighting often fell under the control of the Whites.Second, people's confidence in the new government was initially weak.And most importantly, none of the new government leaders had no experience in public administration.
What is the CPC?
system of sovereignty more or less stabilized at the time of founding the Soviet Union.State at the time officially ruled the Council of People's Commissars.SNK - is the supreme organ of executive and administrative power in the USSR.In fact
structure of the Council of People's Commissars
In this body there was a clear structure and hierarchy of positions.SNK - a collegial body that makes decisions unanimously or by majority vote during its meetings.As noted above, by reason of their executive authority of the USSR in the interwar period is very similar to the current government.
headed SNK Chairman.In 1923, the state officially supervised VILenin.In the structure of the body envisaged the posts of Vice-Chairman.There were 5. In contrast to the modern structure of government, where there is a first deputy prime minister and three or four ordinary vice-premier, this separation was not there.Each of the Vice-supervised individual work SNK.This is useful effect on the body and the situation in the country, because in those years (1923 and 1926), the NEP policy conducted most effectively.
In its activities, the CPC tried to cover all sectors of the economy, the economy, and the humanities.Such conclusions can be drawn by analyzing the list of Commissariats of the USSR in the 1920s:
- on agriculture;
- People's Commissariat of Defense was called "for the Army and Navy";
- commercial and industrial area;
- public education;
- Foreign Affairs;
- People's Commissariat of Justice;
- Commissariat, who was responsible for food (especially important to provide the population with food);
- Commissariat rail traffic;
- on national issues;
- in print.
Most of the activities of SNK formed almost 100 years ago, it is in the interests of modern governments, and some (such as the scope of the press) then were especially important, because only by means of leaflets and newspapers could conduct propaganda of communist ideas.
After the revolution, the Soviet government took the right to publish both ordinary and extraordinary documents.What decree SNK?For the purposes of this legal decision of an official or collegial body, adopted in emergency situations.In the understanding of leadership of the USSR decrees - are important documents that laid the foundations of relations in certain sectors of the country.The authority to issue decrees SNK received by the 1924 Constitution.After reading the Constitution of the USSR in 1936, we see that there are documents with the same name is not mentioned.In the history of the most famous SNK such decrees: on the ground, about the world, about the separation of church and state.
In the text of the Constitution has the last pre-war is not about decrees, and the right to order the CPC.SNK lost legislative function.All power in the country went to the party leaders.
SNK - a body that existed before 1946.Later it was renamed the Council of Ministers.The system of organization of power, set out on paper in the paper in 1936, was almost perfect at the time.But we are well aware that all this was only officially.