Trucking in Russia is mainly 4 types of transport:
Rail ceased to be a monopoly.The emergence of Freight One and Freight Two has brought competition in the rail industry.These two companies owned 400 000 cars, about 40% of the market.Other large companies are mostly affiliates (logistics operators) major manufacturers (NLMK, Rosneft, Severstal, and others).Rail transport remains in a leading position in the sphere of cargo transportation across Russia.In the carriage of more than 3 000 km is almost no alternative.
haulage market remains highly competitive.The state regulates poorly this direction, working primarily infrastructure.Spend hundreds of billions of rubles, but feel the joy of driving on the highway, you can not everywhere.The presence of tens of thousands of small players bring both benefit and hinder development.
- high competition rate is low
-wide geography trucking
- low level of contribution margin carries a low level of service quality
-strong dependence on diesel fuel prices
air transport market shows steadygrowth, integration with the world community makes its own rules and high speed delivery justifies the same high price.Over the last year licenses to domestic regional air it has lost more than 70 companies, the share of the market sometimes do not just take anyone.Barrier to entry into this business is very high, and payback takes 10-15 years.
Moving grow and maritime transport.Construction of new ports, upgraded old, appears well-developed logistics infrastructure.This is mainly in two directions: mineral exports (refined products) and the growth of imports of goods in containers.The potential of transit containers from China to Europe via Russia is very high, but in practice is not developing.But is not river transport deservedly forgotten and its development is not a priority for the state.And in vain!After all, it is the most economically viable option of delivery, and the most environmentally friendly.When transporting oversized cargo through the territory of the Russian river transport alternatives are often to be found.
In my opinion can be summed up as follows: the growth and quality development of the freight market has been uneven, so all market participants have to make every effort to reduce this imbalance.