Fortunately such situations in which you may need evacuation, is not often happen, but, nevertheless, it seems to me that every modern man should have at least a general idea of the action taken in such cases.
In his article, I will try to explain how there was the term "evacuation", will focus in more detail on the differences between the actual evacuation, dispersal and resettlement, and then will describe in detail the general order of evacuation.
1. What is the "evacuation" and the roots of the origin of the term?
First of all, I note that the term is derived from the Latin word «evacure», which translated into our native Russian language means "delete", "export", "empty".Did he mean the whole complex of measures aimed at organized export / O in the case of a population in a given place of an emergency.
2. The evacuation of the population differs from the dispersal and resettlement?
under evacuation understand the process, involving the organized and independent movement of people pote
If the city or any object creates an emergency situation, it automatically means that you may need a certain amount of personnel to prevent the consequences or provide a more or less normal life of the affected areas.For example, it will be necessary to disassemble the rubble, to help victims and the wounded, bring water or medicines.In this case, it held such an event as the distribution, implies a constant delivery workers and export them in the suburban area after the shift.
Resettlement is the place to be in when you need to complete the resettlement of people from the area, for example, contaminated with radiation, destroyed or flooded.Population transported for permanent residence in other, safer parts of the country.Sometimes resettlement may be temporary.This occurs when there is at least a tiny chance of returning after a certain period of time, sometimes, by the way, can be calculated in days, weeks or even months.
3. Evacuation of the population in emergencies.
Just want to warn you that this section is not a sequence of actions, but rather a set of reminders to help save himself not to panic and to come to the aid of someone in a difficult situation.
So declared the evacuation of the population.In the event of such an emergency you must:
- Pay attention to the fact that this event is usually held in the shortest possible time.You will not be persuaded to wait or leave the danger area.Literally within days the city will run a special, easily recognizable buses or cars.24 hours after notification you may have to look for an opportunity to escape or leave the object / area / affected area.
- Remember that special services have a right to use any available technique, including personal vehicles of citizens who at that time are not used for industrial or commercial transport.
- Use all available media (television, radio, print media, online resources) in order to get more detailed information about the situation.
- know that at theaters, clubs, schools, malls, supermarkets and palaces of culture are teams evacuation points, intended for pre-registration and subsequent dispatch of the population to safe territory.
- ensure the availability of the most essential things: shoes, clothes, clothes.
- capture with a small amount of food and jars of drinking water.Of course, you should give preference to foods that do not require lengthy preparation before use.For example, dried, canned or concentrate.From perishable products and it is desirable to give up completely.
- Bear in mind that all of the goods including clothes, food and other personal belongings is very likely have to carry their own, so they are advised to pack compactly in durable, reliable and preferably signed suitcases, bags, backpacks, baskets, bags.
- in case evacuation is already announced, try not to panic, and be sure to bring along identification documents.
- observe certain rules during the evacuation of the children.First, invest in the child's pocket a piece of paper indicating his name, surname, patronymic, home address and mobile phone number of parents.Second, to prepare a special so-called baby kit consisting of a food and favorite toys or books baby.It is the latter, if necessary, will help to reassure the frightened child's happening.