mysterious ancient city Arkaim, spread out on the territory of Bredy Chelyabinsk region, discovered in 1987.If you look at the city-temple on top, you can see a spiral curl.Today the "Arch" - Reserve the Chelyabinsk region, a kind of a museum under the sky, attracting pilgrims.
«Arch" - a tourist destination, the whole archeological complex, which consists of a fortified urban center, hozploschadki, burial and some unfortified settlements.Impressive its geographic location - the foothills of the Ural Mountains (the eastern side) and Utyaganka river - the left tributary of the Big Karaganka.
reserve "Arch" - a real treasure for scientists, because its territory preserved populations of rare animals and plants.
Brief History of emergence of the protected area
Arch first saw military surveyors in 1957, but mysterious circles have not shown much interest.Those of ordinary skill in the surveyors-aerofotosemke area in 1969 found a circular structure that was considered a secret military base.And only in 1987, the participants of the Ural-Kazakhstan archaeological expedition discovered quite accidentally humanity Triomphe.Ramparts, ditches, street has been discovered during the excavations.Thus arose one of the settlements, "Land of Cities" under the name Arch.
Creating branch Ilmensky reserve gosznacheniya, ie Experimental Museum, initiated in 1991 by GB Zdanowicz.In early 1994, the museum has become the historical and archaeological center, and in 2007 held its reorganization in the historical and cultural reserve "Arch" of regional subordination with many attractions.
complex structure of the reserve
Many argue that the "Arch" - Reserve the Chelyabinsk region - a wonderful place where you can focus your energy.Therefore, this place is always open not only for historians and archaeologists, but also for the many pilgrims, clairvoyants, all who believe in the healing and purification of the soul.Have "Arkaim" and a special tradition - watching from the top of the hill for sunrise.
sights from the reserve "Arch" very much.It is a variety of museums and archaeological sites that are open to the public.
This archaeological site dates back to the Bronze Age III-II thousand. BC.e.From the town there were only small hills, rising above from the air.However, in the past a settlement of Arkaim was quite advanced at that time infrastructure.Its territory (diameter - just 150m) settled around 2-3 thousand. People.The settlement had a few dozen houses, but the natives somehow burned their homes and left the city for good.
This place archaeological complex located beside the River Great Karaganka, away from the hustle and bustle.In fact, in this open-air museum is dominated by themes of burial.There are many gravestones most ancient stone fences and boxes indicating an ancestral cemeteries.There is also a mysterious menhirs, the purpose of which is not established.On the territory of the historical park is a Turkic complex Aksay the Middle Ages.
«Temir" - reconstructed mound
Ostyako museum which displays ancient burial mound, were the results of archaeological research Sarmatian burial mound that was in the area of Chesma Chelyabinsk region.His dated IV century BC.e.Scientists were able to accurately reproduce a copy of funerary constructions of ancient nomadic tribes.They gave a detailed and appearance, and interior fittings ancestral tombs.Buried in the mounds of only the noble representatives of the tribe and their relatives.
The way our ancestors lived can be seen in the reconstructed village of the period archaeologists copper-stone age (Eneolithic).This ancient village is shown in natural size.The subsoil of its occurrence were the results of archaeological excavations in the settlement Botai in northern Kazakhstan.
Here you can see a house in the form of rounded half-dugouts, as a form of housing it was due to difficult climatic conditions.
Museum of Ethnography
All museum exhibits gathered in the Urals.Workers brought them to the reserve of the Chelyabinsk region and created here "Cossack estate."The prototype of the Ethnographic Museum - home Dolgopolov - Cossacks from the village Varlamovo (late XIX - early XX centuries).The museum has a lot of household items of the period.Knowledgeable guides tell about the traditions and customs of their ancestors.Very interesting building of the museum - "Dutch" windmill (tent style) standing near a house.It was built in Paris in 1929, after the village was moved to Warsaw, where she was successfully operated until the 60-ies of XX century.In 1999, the mill was moved to protected areas.
held in this museum workshops for those who want to do needlework.There craftswomen can do on his own memory souvenirs.
nomad camp of nomadic tribes
More recently, ie in 2010, in the "Arkaim" was recreated new facility - a nomad camp.It is a four yurts, where you can not only see firsthand how nomads live, but also to stop.
museum of ancient crafts
This unique structure to equip the camp for tourists.Many admire the impressive size of the existing stoves.They reconstructed to show how to look kiln pottery, heating and furnace for the smelting of metal.All things in the museum you can touch, which is especially kids like.
Watch the sunrise and sunset from many people like the slopes of Mount Shamanka, which is simply called Shamanihoy.On top of this ancient paleovolcano can see a spiral of stone.It has 13 turns, which symbolizes the chain of incarnations for the passage to paradise.There is a belief that those who pass the spiral bare feet, become one with your family tree, their sins are released.
Karaganka beyond the river, in the top tourist camp, stands the highest mountain "Arkaim" - mountain of love.On one of its slopes can see a spiral of stones.Mountain of Love opens a magnificent panorama view of the camp and Shamanihu.
Other protected areas area
reserves, national parks Chelyabinsk region - those places where everybody feels a part of Mother Nature.In the region there are 3 nature reserves and 2 nature park.I must say that the reserves of the Chelyabinsk region, the list of which is not so big, have great historical, cultural and scientific value.
For Ilmen reserve is famous for-crystal compounds such as minerals (sapphire, garnet, topaz, etc.).This is the most eminent reserve the Chelyabinsk region.In fact, it has almost all the species of naturally occurring minerals.They are represented in the exhibition exhibits natural science museums.
importance of all reserves of the Chelyabinsk region.List their names replenished South Ural Reserve and the so-called radiation (East Urals).Their main task - the protection of the natural fund.
great love of tourists and local people enjoy the nature reserves of the Chelyabinsk region, the names of which are picked up very well.So, for example, the national park "Taganay" from the Bashkir means "mountain of the rising moon."This is truly an amazing place where the human eyes the beautiful mountain scenery and the unique composition of the stone.But one of the mountains of Taganay characteristic rounded shape and is named - Kruglitsa.Very popular with visitors and residents of the area and the natural park "Zyuratkul" national significance.Its spine is a picturesque and ecologically path.
Ural nature charming.About tell her secret national parks, Ilmensky reserve, botanical reserves, archaeological and historical centers, nature reserve "Arch".Chelyabinsk region took on the monuments of nature about 200 hectares of land.