Russian religious philosophy - a special layer of Orthodox thought and spiritual culture of Russia XIX - XX centuries, which is characterized by a free philosophising on religious themes.A key role in the formation of the current development of ideas played VSSoloveva.He, in turn, developed the idea sophiology and founded a philosophical current, as metaphysics of unity.VS Solovyov said about the special contribution that Russia should do for the development of civilization.
PA Florensky was one of the most interesting thinkers, whose name is linked to a religious philosophy in Russia.In many respects, his views differed from the views of Soloviev.He developed his own doctrine of Sophia (which refers to the "ideal personality of the world") on the basis of Orthodox thought.Philosopher sought to combine scientific and religious ideas, emphasizing, thus "twin-track" the truth.
philosophy of unity continued Bulgakov.Moving from Marxism to idealism, he developed the concept of "Christian socialism".He continued to develop the doctrine of Sophia as "the principle of creative energies in Unity", distinguishing its divine and earthly nature, so that spoke about the duality of the world.The story is the overcoming of evil, which is associated with the possibility of a world-historical catastrophe.
Russian idea in philosophy most clearly manifested in the main original philosophical currents in Russia - the philosophy of unity.Her ideas were developed and Karsavin, whose work they have turned to the philosophy of identity.The purpose of the person he believed aspiration to God and the communion of the divine being, which refers to "litsetvorenie" (becoming true identity).
religious philosophy includes the tradition of Russian cosmism.This is a special world, signs of which are considered to evolutionist understanding of the cosmos (the decisive role is played by the creative activity of the people, and science), consideration of man and the world (cosmos) in close connection, recognition of the need for unity ("catholicity") of all mankind.Direction had two independent branches: the religious and philosophical (Solov'ev, NF Fedorov Berdyaev) and natural (Tsiolkovsky, NA Minds ALChizhevsky, B. I. Vernadsky).A special place in cosmism belongs to the idea of overcoming human mortality through love.
Bright representative cosmism - NF Fedorov, who developed their works in the original religious utopia in which he said that "mankind - an instrument of God in the salvation of the world" at the center of the chaos and hatred that lead to destruction.The objective is to save the humanity of the world through scientific management of nature.
By branches of natural science is the doctrine of Tsiolkovsky.He saw space as a spiritual, living organism.The world and man are in the process of progressive development, which serves as an instrument of human intelligence.
outstanding scientist Vladimir Vernadsky - one more representative of this branch of Russian religious philosophy.It examines the phenomenon of life in connection with various planetary spheres.Vernadsky developed the theory of the biosphere (the aggregate of all living things), introduced the concept of living matter ("vsyudnosti" life).He also made a conclusion about the origin of the noosphere, which is understood as controlled on the basis of the nature of science.
In the early twentieth century religious philosophy is experiencing an ideological turn.There is a religious-philosophical renaissance.To search for a religious address many of the major philosophers, there are entire religious-philosophical society.
symbol of this era became Berdyaev - one of the most prominent representatives of the period of the "Silver Age".He is known as a religious existentialist and personalist.The center of his teaching is the man whom he regarded as a god-like creature.The main themes of his philosophy was freedom (the basis of life), creativity (a means of improving) and identity (the fundamental principle of the whole).Subjectivism and individualism man overcome by love divine.