history of the Russian flag dates back several centuries.For centuries, the flag is modified, but did not cease to carry out its most important function - to serve the identification mark, as well as to represent and symbolize the country and the nation as a whole.Every citizen must know how to look the Russian flag before and that it is today, that represents and what meaning it carries.
flags and banners - two terms that denote the most important symbol of any state
The Russian language has long been used two words that have a similar semantic meaning, "banner" and "flag".The first has Slavic roots and is derived from the word "sign" or "symbol".It indicates its owner and acts as a specific symbol.Second, the term "flag" came to us from Holland and translated means "the ship's seaworthiness and the flag."Usually, he climbed on a special mast, called the "flagpole".
flag has long looked like a piece of cloth a specific geometric shape, which is attached to the cord or the shaft.He could have a different color, and it is often the color carried a special meaning.It is difficult to overestimate the role of the flag in the ancient land, sea battles and medieval battle, when its management was carried out using military troops.To this day it is used as a symbol of state power, as the "representative" of the nation.
All countries have a special one-color or multi-colored banner.The current flag of the Russian Federation is easily recognizable - it is a rectangular panel having three horizontal bands of white (top), blue (medium) and red (bottom) colors.About three centuries of Russian people "was" under the tricolor.A Russian flag looked like before?What it symbolized?Let's try to figure it out.
banner ancient Slavs
Historians little is known about the ancient Slavic peoples banners.Presumably, the first of which were primitive and consisted of grass or horse tails, which are mounted on poles, the island of copies, or simply a long stick.It is believed that they were like Bunchuk Turkic tribes.In the "Tale of Bygone Years" mentioned banners denoting military units - banners (fabric is attached to the shaft).Gradually, there was also a special position - styagovnik: he had to keep the banner, and deploy it in combat.Over time, the banners are not only served the guidelines in the battle, but were transformed into special symbols of power.Princes, capturing the city, began to mount the banners over them, letting their claims.
Banners Old Russian state
in Russia in IX-XIII centuries.banners were distributed elongated triangular ensign with an oblique wedge and the border, as well as banners with sewn them braids, fluttering in the wind.Often used in battles and banners - special sacred banner, which depicted images of the saints, the Virgin, or Savior.Ancient banners were made of different fabrics and painted in different colors.The most commonly used green, red, blue, white, and blue shades.Kulikovo Russian soldiers stretched over a large red banner on which was depicted the Savior Holy Face.
royal banner during the XVI-XVII centuries.
up to the XVIII century, Russia did not have a single state flag.There was a large variety of banners and banners.Small and large royal banners were particularly brightness and beauty.As a rule, they are processed and richly decorated with religious subjects.
example of such flags is the famous "Great banner of" Ivan the Terrible.It was a huge multi-colored flag trapezoidal shape.It was decorated with images of St. Michael, sitting on a golden winged horse, and Jesus Christ in glory.Also on the canvas they were artfully painted golden cherubim, seraphim and angels in white robes.This is the greatest banner of more than 150 years, was escorted into the battles and campaigns of the Russian army: it has visited in Crimea (1687, 1689). And Azov (1696) campaigns, as well as the war against the Swedes.Photos flag of Tsarist Russia, unfortunately, does not pass all of its beauty and the royal banners moschi.Podobnym bestowed special honors: they are covered, along with the icons, they worshiped.Regimental and company banners were smaller and not as richly decorated as the king's.Often on them instead of the faces of the saints depicted a simple cross.From the XVII century.banners on a Western-style secular began to put the logo, for example drawings snake, eagle, lion and so on.
It looked like the flag of Russia under Peter the Great
During the reign of Alexei Mikhailovich appeared the first mention of the one of the Russian flag.The Emperor, having studied the banners of other countries, chosen for its three primary colors - white, blue and red.In 1686 the first merchant ship "Eagle" was raised a new flag of Tsarist Russia.According to some versions, he had a rectangular shape.He was wearing a blue cross is depicted, the upper left and lower right corners were painted white, and the other two - in the red.Peter I, who continued his father's work, modified the flag by defining it the order of horizontal stripes.Photos flag of Tsarist Russia presented later - it was similar to a modern flag, but had a double-headed eagle in the center.Also, Peter the Great created a flag for the merchant navy.It was a white flag with a black double-headed eagle, with a power and a golden scepter in his paws.Since 1705 it has been approved trading Russian flag - the tricolor, which was used in the military courts until 1712, has not yet been approved by a single stern St. Andrew's flag - white flag with a blue cross on a diagonal.After that, the tricolor was used only on commercial vessels.
history of Russian imperial flag.Royal banner in the 18-19 centuries.
In the future, the Russian flag has undergone significant changes.In 1742 it was made a new banner in connection with the forthcoming coronation of Elizabeth I. It looked like the flag of Russia now?On the yellow canvas he was portrayed by a black double-headed eagle, which surrounds the oval shields with coats of arms.Under Alexander I, black, white and yellow color gradually became perceived as a state.On the banner of the Russian regiments depicted a black double-headed eagle on a gold background.In 1858, a new coat of arms and flag of the Russian Empire.Alexander II approved of the three bands - black on top, yellow in the middle and the bottom white - Russia imperial flag.Picture shows how the flag was in the 19th century.Unfortunately, a new kind of flag is not liked the common people, and was seen as a purely official.In addition, the new flag was very similar to German.For this reason, Alexander III, known Russophile, returned the white-blue-red tricolor on a pedestal.In 1914, after an extensive celebration of the 300th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty on the Russian throne, there was a symbiosis of banners.White-blue-red flag was complemented by black and yellow imperial standard, which is depicted in the upper right corner of the flagpole.This banner lasted until the 1917 revolution
flags and banners of the RSFSR and the USSR.Sophisticated 20th century
and Russian February Revolution took place under the scarlet banner.Not only that, but the whole mass was red symbols.The October Revolution in 1917 also carried out under the crimson flag.July 10 the same year, a final version of the new standard.The flag of the RSFSR was a red flag.In the upper left corner near the staff, placed a golden inscription - "RSFSR".Since 1918, the use of the imperial tricolor was strictly forbidden.Over the Kremlin hoisted the scarlet banner.
In 1924, the Constitution of the USSR adopted a new flag.On scarlet cloth is now portrayed golden hammer and sickle, which is placed over the five-pointed star with a gold border.In World War II the Soviet flag was a symbol of the great victory of the Russian people over fascism.
Return of the famous Russian tricolor
After more than seventy years of break the Russian tricolor was raised in the capital, over the building of the Supreme Council.It happened a significant event in the days of the August 1991 putsch now raised the flag of the Russian Federation not only on government buildings in our country, but also on diplomatic missions abroad.In addition to the tricolor, to this day uses St. Andrew's flag, as well as the Victory Banner, which was established by presidential decree in 1996. It symbolizes the heroism and courage of the great Russian people, manifested in the days of the Great Patriotic War.We hope our article has been helpful, and now you know what flags were in Russia.Any citizen should know the great historical past of his people!