Naval Forces - a specific type of the Armed Forces, standing guard over the interests of Russia.They are in readiness to defend the homeland in oceanic and sea theaters.The fleet is ready to cooperate with the Ground Forces during the possible continental wars.
Flag of the Navy Flag of the Navy
Russia is a symbol of valor and glory.It has a glorious history.Its appearance is connected with the name of Peter the Great, and the name - the name of the Apostle Andrew, who was to become the first disciple called by Christ.In addition, this is the holy mission of God to run errands, he arrived at the land of the future of Russia, bringing the peoples of its Living the faith.Deep respect for the Russians showed him the approval of the Order of St. Andrew's in 1696, decorated with images of visited on our land glorious apostle.
As the flag was created?By Peter I, the great reformer of the army and navy, he was personally involved in heraldry.He analyzed the historical parallels, symbols.The main motive was the banner of the cross oblique (Apostle Andrew, like Christ, crucified for his faith).So many generations of our sailors represented by Tsar Peter the symbol associated with the faith and the Fatherland.According to naval tradition, the captain, addressing Russian sailors before the fight, always ended by saying that they are protected by God and the flag of St. Andrew.
Navy in 1992 regained the historic flag of the Russian Navy, thus continuing an interrupted tradition.Under him, as before, the sailors perform responsible tasks of maintaining the country's defense.
Tasks Navy in peacetime
In peacetime, the capacity of the fleet is to deter possible aggression by a potential enemy in relation to the Russian Federation.There is continuous training and combat work.It seems to be a time of peace, but somewhere on their routes continually performed combat duty missile-carrying submarines (RPLSN).In strategically important areas searched, supervision and support RPLSN, carrier battle groups of the potential enemy.Carried his opposition to intelligence, communications.A preliminary examination of the possible areas of hostilities.
Russian Navy is ready to make the protection of the coast, to work together with the Interior Ministry and internal troops in the event of civil conflict and in the aftermath of disasters - work together with the Ministry of Emergency Situations and Civil Defense.
It is obvious that naval forces represent the best guarantee of the national economic activities in the oceans.They represent the Russian Federation in the vast expanse of water, performed at the direction of the command executive functions by the visit of ships.Russian Navy also carries interstate commitments ratified by participating in peacekeeping operations by the international community, provided that they meet the interests of the country.
Tasks Navy in wartime
In wartime fleet is ready to actively defend the sovereignty of the state in the internal sea waters, in the space of the exclusion zone and the continental shelf.In addition, it should also be in the military threats to carry out a specific "marine challenge" - to defend the freedom of the high seas.To perform the above tasks during the specified standards of combat operation, he transferred to the state by the military operational deployment.If possible, locate the conflict or to prevent it from defending shipping, paramount performed this function.
in the active phase of hostilities Fleet of Russia should hit the distant ground targets of the enemy, to ensure the combat operation RPLSN, to strike submarines and surface naval forces, coastal defense enemy, protect the coast of Russia, to communicate with groundgroups frontline troops.
Guide navy carried out the General Command of the Navy.This refers to the control of its functional forces and resources: surface and underwater, naval aviation, coastal troops, coastal artillery and rockets, the Marine Corps.
Organizational Russian Navy consists of the following operational and strategic alliances: the Baltic, Northern, Pacific, Black Sea Fleet and the Caspian Flotilla.
Northern Fleet naval bases of the Northern Fleet are Severomorsk and Severodvinsk.It is called the ocean, nuclear, missile-carrying.The basis of the combat power up nuclear submarines, missile and torpedo submarines, missile-carrying aircraft and so forth / boat, etc. / boat, rocket ships and an aircraft carrier - the flagship of the fleet, heavy nuclear missile cruiser "Peter the Great".At the same time this mighty warship - the flagship of the Russian Navy.
length of the missile cruiser of 251.1 m, its width is equal to 28.5 m, the height of the level of the main plane of it - 59 meters, displacement - 23.7 thous. Tons.A powerful "heart" are the two giant nuclear reactor.Cruising flagship of Russia determined by the supply of food for the crew on board, which is enough for about 2 months.Technically, thanks to its reactors, the cruiser can float indefinitely - without calling at the port.The maximum speed of the ship - 31 knots.
Northern Fleet - the most formidable operational-strategic formation of the Russian Navy.Component of its power warships in order to combat training regularly put training combat missions.For example, the flagship of the fleet about once a year and a half together with the accompanying ships crossed the Atlantic, on account of his participation in international exercises "Vostok-2010", "Indra-2009".
Near the "window to Europe" has been serving the Baltic Fleet of the Russian Navy.Its composition (ships) today strongly modernized and updated.The process takes place against the background of increasing Europe's military might of NATO.Baltic fleet is planned to strengthen with new frigates of Project 11356 with eight cruise anti-ship missiles and anti raketotorpedami on board.
This operational-strategic formation is based in Kaliningrad (Baltiysk), and in the Leningrad region (Kronstadt).Functionally, it protects the Baltic economic zone, promotes the safety of vessels, performs the functions of foreign policy.It is the oldest Russian fleet.His story began with a victory over the Swedish vessels 05.18.1703 Today, the two destroyers - "Restless" and "insistent" - form the basis of the combat power of the Baltic Russian Navy.
form its combat potential gang diesel submarines, surface ships division, auxiliary ship connections, coastal troops, naval aviation.Flagship is the destroyer "Persistent".This year is updated ship navigation systems (gidrometeokompleksov, mapping systems, gidrokursoukazateley and so on.), Plans to upgrade the harbor of Baltiysk.
Black Sea Fleet
After entering the Crimea Russian Empire, in 1783, when Empress Catherine the Great created this fleet.Today, he is based in the city of Sevastopol and Novorossiysk.On 03.18.2014, the main base of the Black Sea Fleet - Sevastopol - became part of Russia.
25 thousand. Man has l / s Black Sea Russian Navy.Make up its forces and means of the following: the type of diesel submarines, surface ships of the "Ocean Sea" naval aircraft (fighter, missile-carrying, anti-submarine).The main objectives of the Black Sea Fleet is to protect the economic zone and the navigation software.The flagship of the fleet is powered missile cruiser "Moskva".
Currently, the military observers have reported the formation of the Black Sea naval coastal defense troops and artillery in a Radio / h equipped complexes S-300PM2, «shell-C1."It is expected that naval aviation fleet will be enhanced MiG-29 and Su-27SM, Su-25SM attack aircraft.It is also expected to reinforce anti-submarine aircraft by additional manning Il-38N, shock helicopters Ka-52K deck and Ka-29M and Ka-27.
As reported in the press at the airport in the Guards Regiment will be deployed long-range bombers Tu-22M3.They will be able to tactically support ships of the Russian Navy Mediterranean squadron.In parallel, there is a formation in the ground / h Peninsula.
Fleet This protects the interests of Russia in the Asia-Pacific region.It is based in Vladivostok, in Fokin, the Small Ulysses.The basis of the combat power of the components of a strategic submarine missile cruiser, submarine nuclear and diesel, ocean surface ships, naval aircraft (fighter, missile-carrying, anti-submarine), coastal troops.The flagship of the fleet is powered missile cruiser "Varyag".
This fleet has an important strategic objective of nuclear deterrence.Continuing on combat duty routes are nuclear submarines.Pacific Russian Navy ships carry a guaranteed protection of the regional economic zone.
Caspian Flotilla based in Makhachkala and Kaspiysk.State of the sea area is its responsibility.Organizational flotilla - a component of the Southern IN.It consists of brigades and divisions of surface ships.The flagship of the fleet is a patrol ship "Gepard", equipped with cruise missiles "Caliber-NK".Before her set the tasks of combating terrorism, safety of navigation, protection of state interests of Russia in the oil-producing region.
ships belonging to the Russian Navy
At first glance, the layman is difficult to imagine a ship of the Navy of Russia, but after all, as it turned out, this information is freely available.This allows you to "embrace the boundless": in a convenient compact form to submit a summary of the fleets powers occupying 1/5 of the land (see. Table 1).We comment on the reductions made in the table: the fleet's in it for compactness are in upper case.
Table 1. Ship the Russian Navy at the beginning of 2014.
|missile stock.cruiser strategy.Destination||10||4||14|
|Diz. / electric submarine||8||2||8||2||20|
|multipurpose submarine nuclear,armed torpedo missile cruise||18||10||28|
|nuclear submarine Specialty||8||8|
|diesel submarines Specialty||3||1||2||6|
|Total - submarine fleet||47||3||24||0||2||76|
|Guard distant ships||2||3||5|
|neighbors Guard ships||3||2||5|
|Small protivolod.ships||6 7 8||7||28|
|Protivodivers.boats||1 1 1||3||6|
|Large landing.ships||4 4 4||7||19|
|landing.boats||4||6 4 6||2||22|
|landing.ships in the Air.perfume.||2||2|
|Total - surface fleet||42||56||52||33||44||227|
Prospects of development of the Russian Navy
analyze the prospects for the development of the fleet, based on the interview of the Russian Navy Commander Admiral Viktor Chirkov.
very logic of development of the fleet as a complex, integrated organism, said the admiral, does not accept hasty decisions.
therefore planned its development as a strategic process to 2050. The purpose of further progress is associated with an increase in the effectiveness of nuclear deterrence.
Plan provides that the Russian Navy will receive the newest ships in 3 stages:
- from 2012 to 2020;
- from 2021 to 2030;
- from 2031 to 2050.
The first phase will be completed subsea Generation IV nuclear cruisers.The main carrier of ballistic weapons will RPLSN Project 955A.
second stage marked by the replacement of existing RPLSN their counterparts Generation IV.It is also planned to create a surface ship tonnage strategic missile system.At the same time will start the development of the atomic submarine cruisers of the fifth generation.
The third phase will build and construction have been tested nuclear cruisers Generation V.
Also fundamental characteristics of the potential capacity of the Russian Navy, the newest ships - the strategic submarine cruisers and RPLSN - will be characterized by increased secrecy, low noise, perfect communication, the use of robotics.
challenges facing coastal troops
Earlier we were called the main base of the Russian Navy for all its fleets.However, the planned development of the fleet for the period up to 2050, of course, touches and the Coast Guard.What emphasis it sees Commander Chirkov?Considering the base of the Russian Navy in the process of further strategic development, Victor relies on the completion of the coastal defense systems, training and equipping the Marine Corps to perform tasks in the North.
Conclusion Although the basis of the organizational structure of the Russian Navy does not change (4 and 1 navy flotilla), in their framework will be created heterogeneous highly maneuverable strike force.The way they were created to continue the successful development of unmanned systems, artificial intelligence, maritime robotosistem, non-lethal weapons.
Summing up the review of the Russian Navy, should pay particular attention to the prospect of updating it ships IV, and V and then generation.However, the basis of the power of the Navy after the implementation of the plan will be nuclear submarine cruiser Generation V.The principal increase in combat power will be followed by improvement of management systems, integration of naval forces in the inter-service forces in the potential theater of war.