River Onega: description, hiking, fishing

In Russia takes a huge amount of rivers.Each individual.This article focuses on the River Onega.The total area of ​​its basin is 56,900 km2.It always attracts the attention of tourists and fishermen.

Where is the river Onega?

Reply snap.It flows in the Arkhangelsk region of the Russian Federation, it has a length of 416 km.The source of the river is located in the south-west, it takes its origin from the lake Lacha.Empties it in the Onega Bay of the White Sea, the island further cue divides it into two branches.Upper River (Lake Vozha tributaries) are located in the Vologda region.It flows from south to north.

Power Onega mixed, but mostly snow, so from early May to June is the period of high water.

Flowing through the flat terrain, it forms reaches, reaching a width of 450 meters. In some places they are narrowed to only 40 m.

75 km from the beginning of the river pours into two: Most of the Onega that goes to the right, and a little Onega, turn left.Later they are joined again.

takes it near human settlements like the town of Kargopol and Onega, Severoonezhsk village, villages and Yarnema Chekuevo and others.


downstream passes through swampy plain.Adjacent to the shores of the hills reach a height of 60-80 meters, and sometimes up to 120 meters.Drevneozernye lowland plains occupy most of the territory between the boundary entities.They are very swampy, and rise above the sea level at 60-150 m. The upper course of the river is characterized by a decrease from 130 to 110 m. In this direction - from south to north.Average for a mark between 80 and 100 m.

banks of the river Onega mainly has clay.Soils for the most part under the moss, but there are also bog.

near the mouth, near Kargopol along the beach found several powerful springs beating from the earth.The water is cold, and very clean.

depth of the river in some places up to 6 meters.


Onega (Arkhangelsk region) - the river, whose basin is located in the taiga zone.The climate is continental - short cool summers and long cold winters.The average annual temperature of the river 1-1.5 degrees.

In these weather conditions, the steep banks of the Onega forested.Here grow pine, aspen, birch, but mostly ate.In the southeast of the reservoir can also be found fir and linden.The area of ​​the river in some places up to 90% is covered by forests.In meadows grow perennials, shrubs are rare.

Leisure and tourism

Onega River has many rapids, which is why it is very popular among canoeists.

Surrounding area is rich in monuments of the reservoir stone and wooden architecture of 17-19 centuries.The natural beauty of the north always leaves only the best impressions.

Thus, in Kargopol are Christ Cathedral, built in 1562, and the cathedral bell tower from the observation platform.The village keeps the Archangel Church of the Purification in 1715 with kubovatymi ceilings.On the territory of the former village Prisloniha has Kletskaya Nicholas chapel of the 18th century.It is also possible to see the remains of Trinity Church.

duration tours usually 5-7 days under the guidance of an experienced leader.

Onega River: Fishing in the reservoir

constantly live roach, pike, ide, burbot, grayling, bream, lamprey.Because Onega flows into the White Sea, where you can also meet and salmon (eg, salmon), and flounder.Rarely, but there are also smelt.

Onega River is known for its ebbs and flows.Sometimes the water recedes more than ten meters, exposing the drowned trees.For it leaves a puddle of various sizes, where you can easily catch a small fish than are mainly engaged in the local boys.

At a distance of 20 km from Arkhangelsk is one of the most favorite places of the fishermen, as you can catch salmon.Basically across large specimens.Of course, catching that fish is prohibited, but that does not stop many.

on Onega prohibited from using spinning, but allowed fishing rod, so the local fishermen invented tackle, called "large object".Most often it comes grayling.The easiest way it goes in hot weather in July by a worm or a fly.At this time, the river just seething with fish collecting on the surface of mayflies.

Leszi come across here is also quite large.Catch them best from a boat as they swim near the bottom.Also throughout the summer across burbot, as the water is cool, it does not get warm even in the heat.