Line management structure: the pros and cons

protection click fraud

linear structure of management of the company can be attributed to the very simple method of constructing an organizational system, which embodies the principle of centralism.At the head there are all kinds of powers, full authority and sole exercise of leadership.But the chief, and will be responsible for all the results of corporate activity.

Each slave has only a single head, but the head of each - some subordinates.This will depend on the rules approved in the organization of control.That is why the development of the company leads to an increase in the number of levels in the management of the company.

line management structure is formed in accordance with a production feature, given the degree of concentration of production, technological features, the range of services or products.Such a system has both positive and negative characteristics.

line management structure has the following advantages:

  • efficiency in making and implementing decisions;
  • presence of the relative ease in carrying out administrative functions;
  • have expressed very clearly the responsibility.

But there is a large number of drawbacks.

Firstly, the linear structure of the enterprise management has disunity horizontal links in the systems business.

Second, the system has a large number of contacts with the staff.This will create a permanent information overload.

Third, in the event that an increasing number of management levels, it lengthens the process of making and implementing decisions.Since their execution is a "top-down" and sometimes "spreads" on the horizontal pins.

Fourth, gradually formed a major increase in the number of levels in the administration, when the growth of the organization is carried out.

Fifth, the linear structure of the organization has a very rigid system, change is impossible.

Given the pros and cons in the construction of such a system, the following fields of application:

1. Linear control structure will be effective in enterprises with the number of three hundred to five hundred people.

2. The organization must always be a high level of subject specialization and technological (eg, metal, assembly, rendering any services, etc.).

3. The enterprises of the regional industry.It is about making products from local raw materials, production of goods of daily consumption, and so on.

As a result, in practice, gradually formed such types of linear divisions.

Firstly, functional system, in which the structural divisions and units will be grouped according to function.

Secondly, the process model.If its implementation is formed for each unit process is executed.

Third, design a system in which each structural department will be grouped according to carry out tasks, milestones and challenges.

Fourth, the product model.When its implementation will form the structural units by product manufacturing.

Fifth, counterparty system, which is focused on the customer, contractor, supplier.Each is a structural unit will be grouped according to the counterparties.

This division is, of course, conditional and diverse.But, in any case, the linear structure of management - a complex system that evolves in accordance with its specific laws, principles and laws.