Vladimir Monomakh known to modern historians better than other princes of the era.There are years of his life (1053-1125), as well as the fact that he was born of Vsevolod Yaroslavich and "Queen grekini."According to the mother, Vladimir was the grandson of Constantine IX (the Byzantine emperor), and the father - Prince Yaroslav the Wise.
He received an excellent education and knew several languages, including Greek.Even the ancient Romans considered it important to know the language to further education.All scientific, philosophical and spiritual knowledge at the time were open to someone who understood the Greek speech and writing.In history lessons at school can often hear the question: "Describe the policy of Vladimir Monomakh."The answer to it, and in an article.
In the early years of Vladimir II reigned in Rostov, then to Smolensk, Chernigov, Pereyaslavl.His authority in the political life was undeniable.He was a staunch opponent of fratricidal strife between the princes.To answer the question: "Describe the policy of Vladimir Monomakh", which should be observed events Lyubetskii Congress princes.
named Vladimir was the initiator of this congress in Lubitsch in 1097, whose goal was to stop the feuds between the princes and come to common agreements that anyone of them belongs.The fight against strife he was all his life.
main enemy of Russia, in addition to the princely strife, Vladimir Monomakh Polovtsian considered.That he succeeded in anchoring the nomads and establish a peaceful life in the country for thirty years.
addition to weapons, to maintain peace on their land, he used the methods of his grandfather Yaroslav the Wise.It is known that he became famous as a "test of Europe."Vladimir II his sons married the daughters of the Polovtsian Khan.Thus he strengthened peaceful relations with him.
prince himself was married to the daughter of the Anglo-Saxon king Gita.With mezhdinasticheskih marriages he could intermarry with the Swedish, Norwegian, Byzantine, Hungarian state.Next will be presented to the internal policy of Vladimir Monomakh briefly.
Feature politician Vladimir Monomakh is not limited to wars, strife and struggle with international agreements.He was engaged in the improvement of civilian life, civic activities and construction.So, in the annals there mention of the construction of the bridge across the Dnieper River, the fortified city of Ladoga and Novgorod the Great, the creation of many temples.
The share of Russia of that time took many disasters, they Prince could not fight.These catastrophic events and phenomena include:
- floods (often in Novgorod);
- fires (especially proved devastating fire in Kiev in 1124, which lasted two days, and destroyed them all Podil and part of the Upper Town);
- locust invasion (in the south).
to organize the lives of people, the prince has updated "Russian Truth".After his additions it was renamed the "Charter of Vladimir Monomakh."It included items on the conditions of the loan of money, which establishes a common interest payments on the debt.This allowed ordinary people (ryadovicham, stinks, purchase) to avoid the threat of turning into slaves for debt.At the same time the document defended the boyars, merchants, warriors, moneylenders, priests from the popular uprisings.
Despite the desire for unity, the internal policy of Vladimir Monomakh did not involve the destruction of the specific order.For centuries the impression that the prince should unite in their hands as much land for themselves and their children.
Instructions for Children
Vladimir Monomakh, internal policy is not limited to the fight against strife, presented in literary activities.One of the works that glorified Prince, was his "Instructions for Children".It is a clear example of his mind, erudition, literacy and piety.In it, he urges his children to live in peace.He gives them his instructions.
Instructions Vladimir Monomakh:
- most honor God;
- the war rely only on themselves and not on the governor;
- not lazy;
- love your wives, but do not let them have power over you;
- justice must be observed;
- read people - the elderly as fathers and young men as brothers;
- read ambassadors and guests gifts or treats, as they will tell you about the world;
- not forget their knowledge and learn new things.
work itself is being studied by his contemporaries as an outstanding literary monument.Also, it is used as a historical document, which allows you to understand the characteristics of Russian medieval life, its way of life, moral values.Getting to know the product will allow students and pupils to cope with the task: "Describe the policy of Vladimir Monomakh."
lived Prince '74.His last days on Earth were associated with affairs of state.He toured his native Pereyaslavl, where he intended to watch the end of the construction of the Church of Boris and Gleb.
After his death his body was transported to Kiev and buried the remains of St. Sophia Cathedral next to his father.The chronicler tells us that all the people wept for him, because he believed it "bratolyubtsem, nischelyubtsem and kind sufferer for the Russian land."
Legend of the Cap of Monomakh
When asked: "Describe the policy of Vladimir Monomakh", it is worth mentioning an interesting legend.It consists in the fact that when the prince of Kiev went to Byzantium, the emperor sent him towards symbols of power (regalia).Ambassadors gave him a gift, which consisted of a variety of precious and sacred objects:
- wooden cross with a particle of the crucifixion, which Christ was put to death;
- bowl of carnelian, which at one time belonged to the Emperor Augustus Caesar;
- golden barmy (Shoulders) decorated with precious stones;
- chain of Arabian gold;
- royal crown.
It became known as the crown cap of Monomakh.She was crowned on the throne of the kings to follow Peter the Great.Modern experts have found a discrepancy in this legend, since the crown is made up of parts that date back to the 14th century.However
legend proves that Russia was considered the successor to Constantinople (Constantinople).To refute such conclusions have not yet solved, partly due to the wise policy of Vladimir Vsevolod.