Brief biography: Saltykov-Shchedrin ME

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little in the history of Russian literature there writers who would be so hard, and much hated as Saltykov-Shchedrin.His contemporaries called him "storyteller" and his works - "strange fantasies" that have nothing to do with reality.Meanwhile, today creativity known satirist and cartoonist remains fresh and relevant.About that, how difficult was the way the writer on the literary Olympus, narrates the biography of Saltykov-Shchedrin, a summary of which will be discussed in this article.


Mikhail Saltykov Evgrafovich - Russian writer, a nobleman, who was born in 1826 in the small village of Spas-Angle (Tver province).His first teacher was a simple land Paul, and then they were engaged in a priest and a student of the Theological Academy.In ten years, the boy was sent to Moscow, to the noble institution, and two years later - in the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum.Here begins his artistic biography.

Saltykov-Shchedrin in the Tsar's Lyceum

you influenced by the work of young poets Mikhail Evgrafovich began to write poetry.In his certificate at the end of the Lyceum will be recorded, along with such school misconduct, such as smoking and being rude, writing works disapproving content.Meanwhile, a number of his poems had already printed in the journal "Contemporary".However, and Michael himself did not see the talent of the poet, but he became interested in literature seriously.From this period tied his literary biography.Saltykov-Shchedrin is known.


After Lyceum future writer enlisted to serve in the military office.He is interested in French literature and he begins to write bibliographical notes, which are published in "Notes of the Fatherland."After 4 years after graduating from school in 1848, he wrote the novel "A Complicated Affair."This work clearly shows the author's attitude to serfdom and aversion to routine.These arguments about the fate of Russia could go unnoticed if it had not coincided with the French Revolution.In the same year the writer exiled to Vyatka, which will last 7 years of his provincial life.

Saltykov-Shchedrin in Vyatka

on Service writer in Vyatka it is known not so much.He served clerical officer in various government agencies.Meanwhile, the provincial life in this period has opened for Saltykov opportunity to get to know all the dark sides of the existence of normal people.During his stay in Vyatka Evgrafovich Michael writes, "Provincial Essays" and of "A Brief History of Russia".Here he finds a wife, and in 1855 he is allowed to leave Vyatka.

literary activity in the last years of his life

In 1856 Saltykov sent to Tver province, and in 1860 appointed to the position of vice-governor of Tver.Continues his literary biography.Saltykov-Shchedrin at this time has written, published in well-known journals.And in 1863, after retirement, he moved to St. Petersburg and became one of the editors of "Contemporary".In the last years of his life writing stories and fairy tales, trying through humor and satire to convey to the reader the spirit of freedom and independence.In 1889, Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin, whose biography is closely intertwined with the fate of people dying after a long illness.