The rich and diverse world called "phraseology" neither "exhibit" is a great find with its history and biography.This also applies to the expression "very hard."Meaning phraseologism like as absolutely clear, but the origin of so mysterious.
phraseologism The most important difference is the metaphor and words first.If the word can only be called an object, event or action, sustained expression can give any of them a certain emotional.You can just say "work hard, diligently," and sometimes that is enough.And you can say "work hard".Meaning phraseologism implying diligent worker process, complemented by the attitude of the speaker, its positive assessment of the process.
If you look more deeply, and the adverb "hard", "careful" not adequately express the degree of fulfillment of a case.There would be more appropriate definition of "no stopping", "continuous", "relentless."In this case, idiom sounds more fully and eloquently.
Our language, usually reflecting the variety of phenomena of human life, it creates a new word or form, to consign to oblivion some long existed.And they become obsolete.Sometimes we, without even noticing, to use them, especially in the composition of phraseology.
first was in vogue now does not employ the verb "pokladat" with the same meaning as the modern "putting", "put".Naturally it was formed from the actual gerund present tense negative particle "no".Thus, there is the characteristic of a man who is able to work so that his hands all the time in fact, he never puts them even on their knees to rest, ie,will not lay.Here is the action of daily life and has generated idiom "very hard."
Stable expression has an interesting feature.They know how to adapt naturally in all language styles, so appropriate to use them in fiction, in journalism and any other journalistic genres, as well as in everyday life.
expression "tirelessly" often occurs in the Russian classics.Leo Tolstoy, for example, one of his heroes characterized this way: say, he could work and no sleep and no food, hard, like the character of Ivan Bunin, who worked and worked until he "saw that has already been donea lot of".
IERepin, describing his impressions of Vienna in "Letters of art" makes an interesting remark.He says that a person is worthy of respect, who thoroughly studied his craft, working to improve themselves and adorns everything hard.
In "Rendezvous with Nefertiti" Vladimir Tendriakov tells the teacher Savva Ilyich.His hero "for life thought that serious about art - it means to work hard."
Even more common expression in various media.Without it, virtually no cost, no one article of the labor victories and records.Representing the company in an interview with his young head proudly announced zeal of its employees.He will tell you that every employee is willing to work hard.Idiom this perfectly replaces the usual words: hard, tirelessly, relentlessly, etc.
publication Mikhail Sholokhov likewise drawn the enthusiasm of the Soviet people, millions of whom have worked and are working tirelessly for the good of their homeland.
In 1960 he wrote about his work cosmonaut, the first doctor who visited orbit, Boris Yegorov.Talking about what she had to assist in verifying the correctness of the experiments that are in the world, to create space for a variety of human conditions, it notes that all worked hard.
most democratic way used that expression in everyday vocabulary, which "allows" itself some stylistic and expressive freedom.So, sometimes used a form of "not pokladayuchi hands" or often - "not pitied forces" as a synonym.
Phrases of the plan may also have different emotional.For example, someone might say "work hard", someone, instead of "work hard", if you please to do it "until you're blue."And in talking about the exploits of the source of labor can say that because he likes his own work that he is ready to deal with it tirelessly.Or someone regretted neighbor who got into debt, and now fights with his last strength to give them up.And of course, working very hard.
stable combinations may be identical or very close value.Then we can talk about the synonymous relationship.Thus, the phrase "work hard" is equally possible to replace sustainable combination of "work hard", "up a sweat."
can still work rolling up his sleeves.But this phrase as it reduced "intensity" content, iePeople like working and diligently and carefully, but not to a complete surrender.By the way, the term "sweat of the brow" is also slightly different emotional.It seemed involves earning barely.
Idiom synonyms may differ with each other on the stylistic coloring.If the phrase "work hard," the value of a more or less neutral, if say "plowed like a horse," it would have been rude conversational tone.
Synonymous phrases and words
richness and variety of the same or similar value for lexical units give the Russian language vast expressive possibilities.The same value is able to express how idioms and phrases, and individual lexical units.
It is easy to express the phrase "tirelessly" in one word: You can make a number of synonymous words with a similar meaning.It properly, devout, diligent, zealous, diligent, hard, energetic, tireless, relentless, non-stop, constantly .Of course, each of them different stylistically colored, but the use of a particular lexical unit is dependent on the specific situation.
more descriptive behave synonymous phrases.It is possible to work tirelessly, sparing (sparing) forces, not sparing (sparing) himself with great zeal, exerting maximum effort, from dawn to dusk.Their use in a speech seen as more beneficial, since they enrich it with new shades.
natural way words and phrases with the opposite value will be described slacker, lazy man, who is not able to work hard.Meaning phraseologism assumes characteristic diligence.It makes sense to mention only stable expression, as such words, antonyms enough.
frequently used idioms with different emotional heat.Directly opposite is the phrase "sit idly by".The level of laziness tell idioms "slack", "the lazy man pose."And the quality of the work describes the idiom "to work in a slipshod manner."Several stands out the phrase "considered crows", which some linguists refer to as the antonym of the phrase "work hard".According to other the same opinion, the emotional coloration is completely different and we are not talking about the level of diligence, and the characteristic of the idle onlookers.
history and practice of occurrence phraseology shows that they can be produced in a variety of situations and then securely fixed in the language.There is an example of expression, which was built on the structure of the idiom "very hard."Phraseologism value, which can be regarded as the opposite, is a shade of ridicule, humor."Do not butt hands" talk about who is not eager to work.
By the way, there is another original point of view on this phrase.It is assumed that it can be used when it comes to mental work, thinking about some problems or challenges, their solutions.Then, because the hand is not "prikladayutsya", although the process is.
interesting morphological and construction of the expression "very hard."In phraseologisms often used verbal participle form, as in this case.This is confirmed by some of the synonyms, antonyms, and considered the phrase.