hard to find someone who does not know who Alfred Nobel.Of course, we can assume that not everyone is familiar with his work and do not know how because of advances, in addition to the most popular invention of explosives, he became world famous, but have heard about the Nobel Prize humanity.
from the school the inventor began seriously to get involved in chemistry and physics.He has not lost interest in the sciences and in adulthood.Father created for him a small laboratory in which he conducted his experiments over the years, and it was not in vain, because the most famous invention of Nobel received worldwide fame almost instantly.
It should be noted that the interest of the Alfred called first explosives.He worked with nitroglycerin, trying to tame it.The main problem over which he had long fought, was the manufacture of the detonator.But it was quite solved - with the task coped metal cap, pre-filled with mercury.So, from a mixture of nitroglycerin and a number of organic substances it has tur
he first was able to achieve that with the explosive work was safe.Scientific mixed nitroglycerin with an absorbent material - the result is a powder that exploded only after the intervention of a special detonator.Once Nobel patented invention, he immediately offered to use the Swedish railroad as a means of tunneling.Dynamite proved itself perfectly from the first day: it is by means of directed blasts created tunnels in the mountains, rivers were cleared, create channels.
But soon the most famous invention of Nobel has been used not only for peaceful purposes.Though he did not want fame, "a trader in the blood", as nicknamed by his contemporaries, and was opposed to the war, but the greatest popularity it was dynamite for use in hostilities.This was one of the reasons for which the inventor has established an international prize.As you know, it marked the world achievements in science, literature and activities aimed at strengthening peace.
A few years after the planet was charged with the most famous invention of Nobel's genius was able to surpass himself and produced an even more powerful explosive - smokeless powder, called ballistitom.These
his most outstanding achievements overshadowed others.Although the total of all life, Alfred Nobel has issued 355 patents.But it does not deal exclusively with scientific work in his possession were 93 companies that were in the 20 countries of the world.In total, each year they produced 66.5 tons of explosives.
In those days, the greatest benefit of Alfred Nobel's invention brought it from using it for peaceful purposes.Actively contribute to this construction, the laying of mines and tunnels, cleaning of roads, dynamite began to use even for drilling operations.