Additional education of children - is a system of training and creative development that extends beyond the national standard.It is carried out on the basis of specialized applications.Institutions implementing additional education program in the area of personal and creative students' interest, thus contributing to the formation of not only the bases of professional formation of the person, but also opportunities to reveal their talents and abilities as social activities, whose purpose - to benefit society.
sectarian activity - a form of free art in the sense that the child chooses it voluntarily.It adheres to the system of education, which is a program of additional education circle, defining the scope, content and form of educational services for children.The presence of the program is a prerequisite for the organization of the circle.
Program Structure Mug additional education
Despite the diversity of forms and methods essentially unchanged framework that suits the purpose of additional education.It is reflected in the program, for which the activity of teachers in institutions.Circle of additional education in the school
- Appointment .It answers the question of what purpose organized classes and who calculated.
- purpose and objectives of the program. determines the direction and stages of education.
- Content .Brief description of the cycles, depending on the topic, difficulty level, duration of training and age of the children.
- evaluation criteria. How is the level of learning.
- thematic planning. list of all of the studies, the number of hours required for the assimilation of the program.
Any training system comprises three main aspects, for which it is created: the purpose, objectives, methods achieve results.The program of additional education carries a very important social purpose: it satisfies the request for the person on the personal development and, depending on the nature of the query has a different focus.
Development Programme on activities
for children, their ways of knowing the world and the sphere of self-realization is very different.Therefore, the need for additional services rather multifaceted.As additional education responds to requests from children and their parents, development and training should be reflected in the programs of different levels and areas of child development:
- Natural Sciences.
If you have additional queries, and the specifics of the local socio-cultural environment can be provided and other forms of services to ensure the needs of the population who meet the additional education of children.Services for additional education of children is not only expanding the boundaries of knowledge of their wards.On the basis of large-scale projects carried out by the organization of festivals, contests and competitions.All this enables students to increase self-esteem to express themselves at the city, regional, international scale.
Where implementing programs of additional education?
Creative and additional education of children and youth development programs carried out in special creative associations.Circle of additional education makes it possible to organize the children's interests.It is the possibility of forming a close creative environment based on uzkopredmetnoy the field or on the enthusiasm of any field of knowledge, making circles irreplaceable form of positive socialization of children.
children's interest in a particular field of knowledge or creative activity is the basis for the creation and implementation of the mug.To develop and implement its teachers additional education that create objective environment and realize the objectives of the developed by them and approved by the administration of the institution programs.
To circle in preschool or school started, it is important to provide a program of activities in the introduction that describes its purpose.
for organizing classes in circles program must contain an indication of:
- area of interest in which it is implemented;
- training cycles;
- problems that it solves.
provision of such services takes place on the basis of establishment of an additional education of children, in the form of creative associations, sections for different ages.
Purpose of the program determines the content of education.The introductory part of the program to limit the scope, focus, level of supplemental educational services.It reveals the social dimension of education.It specifies the importance of the educational component for the revival of ethnic, cultural and historical traditions of the local social and cultural environment.It is important to define also the educational goals that are solved in the process of implementation of the program.
purpose and objectives of the program
program - is a consistent set of measures to achieve developmental goals.
Target. corresponding request Rights to what he wants.The aim of additional education - to provide the knowledge and skills in the field of human interest to meet his request.
tasks. Any program of additional education forms three groups of tasks:
- Knowledge of the subject field of interest.
- ability to apply knowledge in practice.
- skills of using domain knowledge.
Technique. answers the question of how to achieve this goal, and leads directly to a plan to achieve it in an hourly breakdown on topics and activities for a phased solution of problems.
Summary program of additional education
Its importance lies in the fact that it guarantees the trainee and the amount of knowledge that he asks for, or those offered in the circle for visiting children.Training programs are single- and multi-level, they must take into account the physiological characteristics of children age, which are calculated.Therefore, the content is divided into blocks or training cycles, each stage of which should lead to the solution of separate educational objectives and the formation of certain skills in the child master this knowledge unit.
training units should be interlinked, be consistent with the stage and lead to the achievement of program objectives.
mug supplementary education program includes a list of skills, knowledge and skills, which are formed in a child who has received a set of knowledge in their chosen direction.Voluntary attendance - the fundamental principle of the development of children, providing them personally oriented development.
evaluation criteria assimilation program
In accordance with the tasks in the program of the circle must be specified criteria by which to assess the degree of assimilation of knowledge and received a child's ability to implement them in practice.
The criteria appear:
1. The resulting child knowledge on the topics. They can be evaluated in the form of competition for the manifestation of knowledge and participation in the competition.Or, in other forms of set-off for the learning in a fun way.
2. acquired teaching skills. This ability to apply knowledge in practice.For example, to sew a stuffed toy, with shows not only the knowledge of the art of performance, the ability to sew, but the bottom line - production of crafts.
Additional education of children in the circles - is a socially significant form of satisfaction of cognitive needs of children and adolescents, as it provides personal freedom in knowledge, the scope of self-realization.Form of evaluation criteria acquired skills must also be consistent with their interests (games, contests and competitions, which corresponds to the age characteristics of children, who learn about the world through play).
thematic work planning circles
Additional education for children is always a system of knowledge and practice.Therefore, an important element is the thematic planning studies, which is part of a program of additional education.
In accordance with the training cycle it appears on an hourly breakdown of net employment.Complex classes in the process of implementing them acquire knowledge and skills practiced, determined by the number of training hours.
Testing required for the acquisition of skills stipulated by the program, the number of hours leads to a certain quality of knowledge and problem solving another educational program.Thus the cycle of training, which is based on additional education of children.
For example, if the child's education takes place in the circle of the drawing, the block "technique with pencil" can provides four hours of classes on the study and application of this method of drawing and must be the result - the child's ability to draw a pencil correctly.
Additional education in school.Mugs
for creative and cognitive development of children, they receive basic knowledge in the area of narrowcasting is necessary to create a professional environment.Circle of additional education in the school serves the interests of the children enrolled.He often acts as a group day care, which is important for working parents as a child during the day under the patronage of Social Educators.
Appointment of additional education programs in schools include:
- Allow in-depth knowledge in specific subjects. example, a program of the literary circle, in addition to in-depth knowledge of the subject, gives the ability to create their own works, to publish them in school publications.In the circle of the young chemist goal of the program becomes a preparation for participation in the competitions and creative contests.
- Permit to creative development of students. For many children, it is a form of self-realization.The aim of the programs circles creative direction also serves to provide children with opportunities to participate in festivals, performances, concerts of different levels to display their talents and produce professional foundations activities.
- provides the knowledge in the field of trades and crafts. Mugs values applied in schools give an idea of the professional knowledge and skills.They are defined by the programs of applied nature.For example, a circle of aircraft modeling, designing, sewing, knitting.In this area, the implementation of opportunities for children to fulfill the product offered to them with his own hands, show it at exhibitions.In the production of articles the student receives basic knowledge that can be useful to him in the future as a practical life skill or professional self-determination.
performs an important social function of supplementary education in the school.Mugs humanitarian and artistic cycles have more resources to expand abilities of gifted students. They form part of subjects in-depth study, which creates a stable professional interest in learning.It can later be the basis for the choice of profession.
educational institutions of additional education, such as music or art school, provides a level of training of graduates, which guarantees the successful completion of creative entrance examinations to higher education.
in kindergartens program of additional education circles are based on psychology.They have a structure corresponding to the age and abilities of children in view of gaming activities as the leading form of knowledge for this age.
Circle of additional education in kindergarten organizes training children graphic activities, dance, music and other forms of creative activity.Children thus learn better knowledge about the world around them, and that the program provides.
- program of additional education "theatrical circle." Goal - familiarity with the classical literary genres and folklore playfully theatrical productions.
- mug Arts Program activities. units training in graphic activity are constructed with taking into account the season.The child must be correlated with the knowledge of the phenomena of the world.Circle program of additional education for Arts kindergarten involves mastering special techniques of drawing - pins, binder, which is popular with kids this age.
- program family circle creative development. teach children with their parents - so do not miss out on a very important step in pedagogy, not interfere with the child to realize his identity.In this case, the program circle additional education in the kindergarten provides the following social aspects:
- parent training competent interaction with children with age-appropriate child;
- parent training knowledge in the field of preschool pedagogy.
Thus, in the process of collaborative learning is achieved not only educational tasks.Solved larger issues: the harmonization of family relationships and a culture of raising children.