Inland waters of Russia - public property

What are the internal waters of Russia?This multiple sources of water: lakes, marshes, rivers, artificial reservoirs of water beneath the ground, glaciers and permafrost.Water is essential for life on Earth and is one of the most important natural resources.All inland waters are interconnected and the environment, representing the cycle.It is part of the landscape, its structure has on a huge impact.

water balance

Inland waters are distributed unevenly across Russia.This is due largely to the ratio of precipitation and evaporation, which constitute the balance.Some areas are arid.Here there is a large number of rivers and lakes, and the rainfall is very rare.Surface water is low and groundwater located at great depths.In contrast to these areas, some earth saturated with moisture.Their territory is a large network of surface, ground and interstratal sources.Therefore, we can say that the internal water Russia, because of the large number of climate zones, have varying degrees of distribution.Human activities also affect the water balance of the change.


great importance for the normal life of Russia have the river.They make up a large part of the internal waters.The country is rich in large river systems.They are used for fishing, shipping, production of electricity, irrigation, soil and water.Status of the river depend on climatic conditions and topography.Therefore, in Russia they are unevenly distributed.The largest rivers crossing several climatic zones.Many of them are navigable and are a source of hydroelectric power.Thus, the Yenisei, flowing through the steppe, steppe, taiga, tundra and tundra, into the sea Kara.There are three large pools, where most of the rivers.It Aral-Caspian basin and the basin of the Pacific, and Arctic Oceans North.The source of the river is groundwater, glaciers, rain, rainwater and melting snow.It depends on their type.


also uneven distribution of lakes.The greatest number of them are concentrated in the Republic of Karelia and the Central Lowlands.In the forest-steppe zone they are almost there.This factor depends on the terrain and the humidity of the climate.The lakes are mostly tectonic and volcanic origin.Mode of ponds depends on the source.There are lakes flow (feed them arising and flowing river) or stagnant (usually salt springs).The temperature of the water in the reservoirs increased sharply in the summer, and in winter is greatly reduced.By their nature, these internal waters of Russia are short-lived.This is due to natural factors and human activities.


From qualitative groundwater sources depends on the terrain and vegetation types.Most of the country is favorable for the formation of this type of inland waters.It differs only in the depth of their occurrence.They are the most important source for the supply of the rivers.It is much deeper groundwater that sometimes form artesian basins.Of great importance are the underground hot springs found in many parts of the country.

permafrost and wetlands

These internal waters of Russia occupy a small amount of the total mass, but play an important role in the complex system of natural and human life.The area is dominated by permafrost groundwater.Waterlogged areas rich in peat, which is used for power plants and soil fertilizer.All Russian internal waters - rivers, lakes, groundwater and groundwater, glaciers and wetlands - are essential to human life.This is one of the main natural resources of the complex, which is necessary to protect and grow.