Since the appearance of man on the planet was a long time.But the question that has bedeviled it in hoary antiquity, remained.Where did we come from?Why do we live?Is there a creator?What is God?Answers to these questions will sound differently depending on the person who asked.Even modern science can not yet provide such evidence generally accepted theories that they could not be questioned.Each culture has its own view of religion, but they agree on one thing - people can not live without faith in something higher.
general concept of God
There mythological and religious concept of God.From the perspective of the myths the god is not one.Considering the many ancient civilizations (Greece, Egypt, Rome and so on. D.), We can conclude that the people believed not in one single god, and in many gods.They made up the pantheon.Such a phenomenon scientists call polytheism.Speaking of which there are gods, you need to specify which of the ancient people worshiped them.It depends on their purpose.Each of them had authority over some part of everything (land, water, love and so on. D.).In religion, God is a supernatural entity that has power over everyone and everything that happens in our world.His vest ideal traits often reward the ability of creation.What is God to answer one definition is almost impossible, because it is multifaceted concept.
philosophical understanding of God
Philosophers have argued for centuries about who is a god.There are many theories on the subject.Each of the scientists tried to give their vision of the problem.Plato said that there is a pure mind which contemplates us from above.He is also the creator of all things.In the era of modern times, such as Rene Descartes called god creature who has no flaws.Spinoza said that it is the nature that creates everything, but does not perform miracles.In the XVII century rationalism is born, whose representative was Immanuel Kant.He claimed that God lives in the mind of man to satisfy his spiritual needs.Hegel was the representative of idealism.In his writings, he turned to the Almighty an idea, which in its development has generated all that we can see.The twentieth century has pushed us to the realization that God is one and for philosophers and ordinary believers.But the path that leads these individuals to the Almighty, is different.
God in Judaism
Judaism is the national religion of the Jews, which became the basis for Christianity.This is one of the most striking examples of monotheism, that is, monotheism.Judaism is considered the birthplace of Palestine.God of the Jews, or Yahweh, considered the creator of the world.He communicated with the chosen people (Abraham, Moses, Isaac, and so on. D.) And gave them the knowledge and the laws which they had to perform.In Judaism, it is stating that God is one for all, even for those who do not recognize.Serial principle of monotheism in the religion the first time in history was proclaimed unchanged.God of the Jews is eternal, the beginning and the end, the Creator of the universe.Holy books, they recognize the Old Testament, who wrote under the guidance of God's people.Another tenet of Judaism is the coming of the Messiah, who must save the chosen people from eternal torment.
The largest world religion is Christianity.It arose in the middle of I in.n.e.in Palestine.At first Christians were Jews only, but just a couple of decades, this religion has covered a lot of nationalities.The central figure of the root cause of its appearance and became Jesus Christ.But historians say that the difficult living conditions of people played a role, but also the existence of Jesus as an historical figure they do not deny.General Ledger in Christianity is considered to be the Bible, which consists of the Old and New Testaments.The second part of this holy book was written by the disciples of Christ.It tells the story of the life and deeds of the Master.Christians there is one God - God who wants to save all the people on the ground from the Hellfire.He promises eternal life in heaven if you believe in Him and serve Him.Everyone can believe, regardless of nationality, age and past.God has three persons: Father, Son and Holy Spirit.Each of these three is the all-powerful, eternal and all-good.
Jesus Christ - the Lamb of God
As mentioned earlier, the Jews of old were waiting for the Messiah.For Christians, Jesus became one, though the Jews did not recognize him.The Bible tells us that Christ - the Son of God who was sent to save the world from destruction.It all started with the Immaculate Conception of the young virgin Mary, to which the angel came and announced that she was chosen by God.At his birth in the sky a new star.The childhood of Jesus has been almost the same as that of his peers.Only reaching thirty years, he was baptized and began his act.Central to his teaching advocated that he was Christ, the Messiah, the Son of God.Jesus spoke of repentance and forgiveness, of coming judgment and the second coming.He performed many miracles such as healing, resurrection, turning water into wine.But the main thing was that at the end of Christ sacrificed himself for the sins of the world's people.He was innocent and suffered for all men, so that they were able to escape through the blood of Jesus.His resurrection meant a victory over evil and the devil.It was to give hope to anyone who needs it.
concept of God in Islam
Islam, or Islam, originated in the VII century in the western part of the Arabian Peninsula.Its founder was Mohammed, who acts as a great prophet of this religion.He received a revelation from the angel Jabrail and had to tell people about it.The voice that revealed to him the truth, given also the contents of the holy book - the Koran.God is called Allah Muslims.He has created everything around us, all beings, the seven heavens, heaven and hell.He sits on his throne above the seventh heaven and controls everything that happens.God and Allah - in fact, one and the same, because if you translate the word "Allah" in Arabic to Russian, we will see that its value is "God."But Muslims do not perceive it that way.It is for them is something special.He is one great, all-seeing and eternal.Allah sent his knowledge through the prophets.In total there were nine, and eight of them are similar to the apostles of Christianity, including Jesus (Isa).Ninth and is considered the most holy prophet Muhammad.Only he had the honor to get the full knowledge of the Koran.
Third World religions consider Buddhism.It was founded in the VI.BC.e.in India.The man who gave rise to this religion had four names, but the most famous of them is the Buddha, or Enlightened One.But it's not just a name, but a state of mind of man.The concept of God as Christianity or Islam, Buddhism does not exist.Creation of the world - this is not an issue that should concern human rights.Therefore, the existence of God as the Creator is denied.People need to take care of your karma and achieving nirvana.Buddha is considered differently in the two different concepts.Representatives of the first of them talking about him as a person who has attained nirvana.In the second embodiment of the Buddha considered Dzharmakai - the essence of the universe, which has come to enlighten all people.
To understand what God in paganism, it is necessary to understand the essence of this belief.In Christianity, this term is understood the non-Christian religions and those who have been traditional in the pre-Christian period.They mostly are polytheistic.But scientists are trying not to use this name because it is too vague sense.It replaces the term "ethnic religion."The concept of "God" in each branch of Paganism has its value.In polytheism the gods are many, they are collected in the pantheon.In shamanism the main conduit between the world of humans and spirits is the shaman.He was elected and does not do it on their own.But the spirits are not gods, they are different entities.They co-exist and can either help or harm people, depending on their objectives.In totemism as God acts totem worshiped by a certain group of people or one person.He is considered akin associated with the tribe or clan.Totem can be an animal, a river or other natural object.He is worshiped and can make sacrifices.In animism every object or phenomenon of nature has a soul, that is the nature of spiritualized.Therefore, each of them worthy of worship.
Thus, apart from the fact that such a God, it is necessary to mention the many religions.Each of them in their own way understands the term or even deny it.But common to each of them is a supernatural nature of God and his ability to influence a person's life.