The principles of universal evolutionism: the emergence of the concept and scope

The most common view of the origins of the doctrine of evolution is considered to be Charles Darwin's theory, which he developed in relation to nature, but not clearly mentioned about its applicability to human beings and human society.The fact is that even before the principles of universal evolutionism emerged in the study of the kinds of Darwin, Herbert Spencer in his article "The hypothesis of development» (The Development Hypothesis), proposed his theory of universal evolution, where the principles of universal evolutionism formulated precisely in relation to society.

Spencer supported the idea of ​​Darwin's natural selection as one of the factors of evolution, and in relation to man, transformed into the concept of the term "survival of the fittest").According to Spencer, all things in the world have a common origin, but then, in the development process, there is a differentiation of things.The cause of these changes may act in his opinion, heredity, different degrees of adaptation to reality, the degree of activity of external factors.After all these transformations in the world and the essence of an ordered set, which we perceive as a picture of the world.This picture is unstable by nature, its existence is the path to a new cycle of "ordering" and thus the whole process becomes cyclical nature of infinity.

These findings and initiated the establishment of the concept of evolution, which in our time has gained a lot of variations and interpretations (Synergetics, chaos theory - about the doctrine of the noosphere VI Vernadsky, the concept of non-equilibrium thermodynamics Prigogine).

principles of global evolutionism, the origins of which are found in the teachings of Herbert Spencer, generally formulated in the simplest form of this: all things in the universe can not exist outside of the evolutionary process of variation, whatever the scope of things not considered.

merit Herbert Spencer is that he brought the application of the principles of evolution beyond elementary biology and proved its applicability in other regions of the universe, in particular, has proved as the principles of evolution manifest themselves in sociology (the theory of organicism).

principles of universal evolutionism beyond biology and sociology first embraced representatives of physical science (hypothesis of the origin of the universe as a result of a "big bang" theory of the expanding universe, etc..).Further penetration of the principles of the science has led to the emergence of an independent scientific direction - Synergetics, in which the principles of universal evolutionism acquired the status of scientific methodology.

General provisions (principles) for universal evolutionism is:

  • recognition that all the constructive and destructive processes in the universe are equal and have equal rights;
  • recognition of the universality of the complexity of algorithms and organize all systems, regardless of their particular characteristics and features of the emergence and development.

Applied to society, this means that intelligence and society is also evolving according to the laws.And because some updated issues to be solved in the framework of this concept: how to transition from unmanaged (randomized) controlled by the state of society?The answer is again in the concept of global evolutionism - is the development of strategies for sustainable development (social entropy).Principles and conditions of this transition is to manage the transition of humanity not only on the basis of their "reflexive 'interests, and the interests of global equilibrium (conservation of the environment, peace, survival conditions, etc.).This condition, quite logically raises the question about the state of mind and intelligence, how much they are willing not only to accept this condition, but also to make this transition.

Thus, the concept of evolution solves the actual problems of modern and trying to find a universal tool - the principle of global evolutionism, by which the transformation of the present, the non-equilibrium of the social system, to the higher-ordered form of self-organization.