Unambiguous and ambiguous words: definition and examples of usage

in Russian on the number of lexical meanings allocated unambiguous and ambiguous words.Monosemanticheskimi or ambiguous, are words that have only one lexical meaning: appendicitis, medical, bandages, birch, satin, felt-tip pen, odor and the like.

There are several types of monosemanticheskih words.

1. Proper names that are called Singleton.Examples: Moscow, Petrov, Basil, Sen, Europe, United Kingdom, Lake Baikal.

2. New (and recently appeared), the words: foam, pizza, briefing dederon, dacron.

3. Words with uzkopredmetnoe value: trolley, binoculars, a suitcase, can, turquoise, beads, craft, analgin.

4. Fibroids, allergies, gastritis, tonsillitis, noun, verb - all these terms are unambiguous.

and ambiguous words (polysemantic) found in the Russian language often.Among those values, they have one adopted as the most important, basic, and the rest - as derived from the master, the original value.In dictionaries of the basic value is always given first, followed by the values ​​of the derivatives are numbered.

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lexicon: unambiguous and ambiguous words in context

ambiguity of the word realized in the context of (speech) that clarifies one of the meanings of polysemantic words.Usually, even a narrow context (eg, phrases) is sufficient to clarify the meaning of ambiguous words.For example, silent cry - a soft, quiet temperament - calm, quiet ride - slow, calm weather - windless, quiet breath - smooth and so on. D. The word taken out of context, is seen in the main sense in which most of it is used in speech.

unambiguous and ambiguous words: examples of use in the context of

Derivative values ​​are revealed in speech, that is, in combination with other words.For example, the word "go" is seen in the general meaning - "to move, stepping down" (Peter was a long one).But the context helps to distinguish different meanings of the word."The clock is, the days are behind them" (go - pass, pass (on time))."The path was through the forest" (to go - have a direction, to stretch)."Steam coming out of his mouth" (to go - "to flow from any")."Blue is the color for your eyes" (to go - "have to face")."The letter went exactly 20 days" (to go - "to be, to be in the way")."With faith, hope, come all" (go - to "show readiness for anything")."About you are rumors" (to go - "spread")."In Russia there is a war" (to go - "to speak, to go against anyone").

unambiguous and ambiguous words as a way of vocabulary

words acquire multiple meanings in the history of language that reflects the changes in nature and society, the knowledge of their people.As a result, human thinking is enriched with new terms and concepts.The volume of the dictionary in any language is limited, so the vocabulary is developed not only as a result of the birth of new words, but also thanks to the emergence of other values ​​in previously known.Unambiguous and ambiguous words, as well as examples of their use in the context can be found in dictionaries.