in Russian on the number of lexical meanings allocated unambiguous and ambiguous words.Monosemanticheskimi or ambiguous, are words that have only one lexical meaning: appendicitis, medical, bandages, birch, satin, felt-tip pen, odor and the like.
There are several types of monosemanticheskih words.
1. Proper names that are called Singleton.Examples: Moscow, Petrov, Basil, Sen, Europe, United Kingdom, Lake Baikal.
2. New (and recently appeared), the words: foam, pizza, briefing dederon, dacron.
3. Words with uzkopredmetnoe value: trolley, binoculars, a suitcase, can, turquoise, beads, craft, analgin.
4. Fibroids, allergies, gastritis, tonsillitis, noun, verb - all these terms are unambiguous.
and ambiguous words (polysemantic) found in the Russian language often.Among those values, they have one adopted as the most important, basic, and the rest - as derived from the master, the original value.In dictionaries of the basic value is always given first, followed by the values of the derivatives are numbered.
lexicon: unambiguous and ambiguous words in context
ambiguity of the word realized in the context of (speech) that clarifies one of the meanings of polysemantic words.Usually, even a narrow context (eg, phrases) is sufficient to clarify the meaning of ambiguous words.For example, silent cry - a soft, quiet temperament - calm, quiet ride - slow, calm weather - windless, quiet breath - smooth and so on. D. The word taken out of context, is seen in the main sense in which most of it is used in speech.
unambiguous and ambiguous words: examples of use in the context of
Derivative values are revealed in speech, that is, in combination with other words.For example, the word "go" is seen in the general meaning - "to move, stepping down" (Peter was a long one).But the context helps to distinguish different meanings of the word."The clock is, the days are behind them" (go - pass, pass (on time))."The path was through the forest" (to go - have a direction, to stretch)."Steam coming out of his mouth" (to go - "to flow from any")."Blue is the color for your eyes" (to go - "have to face")."The letter went exactly 20 days" (to go - "to be, to be in the way")."With faith, hope, come all" (go - to "show readiness for anything")."About you are rumors" (to go - "spread")."In Russia there is a war" (to go - "to speak, to go against anyone").
unambiguous and ambiguous words as a way of vocabulary
words acquire multiple meanings in the history of language that reflects the changes in nature and society, the knowledge of their people.As a result, human thinking is enriched with new terms and concepts.The volume of the dictionary in any language is limited, so the vocabulary is developed not only as a result of the birth of new words, but also thanks to the emergence of other values in previously known.Unambiguous and ambiguous words, as well as examples of their use in the context can be found in dictionaries.