A post-mortem forensic examination: implementation and results

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posthumous forensic examination is considered to be one of the best known and most common procedures in certain circles.Cases where such research is carried out, are described in various literature (mostly in detective stories).In the life of a posthumous forensic examination is used in criminal practice.This is difficult to say in what sources contains the most interesting cases.Everywhere there are situations that relate to various aspects of expert work.However, experience clearly shows that professionals who work in this field are constantly in demand.


forensic examination of the corpse is a scientific and practical research.It is carried out in accordance with established procedure in the law.In a criminal case the judge, preliminary investigator, prosecutor or other official having the appropriate authority, adopted a resolution on the forensic examination.The duration of the study depends on the object target, the amount of material and other circumstances.However, according to the law the procedure should not take more than a month.The period is calculated from the date of receipt of all materials specialists.

system structure

Instance, in which the study is not within the jurisdiction of law enforcement agencies, and directly to health authorities.As a structural unit are the offices.They may be regional, city, republic.Regional forensic examination, for example, is carried out, when I need to verify some conclusions made by the municipal or other purposes.Desk, in turn, may have several departments.For example, it may be a specialized department of corpses, laboratory, office for victims and other persons.

Conclusion (sample)

Forensic medical examination is carried out to establish the circumstances of the accident, physical, mental state before and after the event, the age of the citizen and the other.The findings, which are made by those skilled in the study should be designed accordingly.In conclusion, there is prologue.It sets out the issues which are put before an expert unchanged (as they are shown in the accompanying documents).The introductory part contains the information required to research and draw conclusions.These include, for example, include the investigation data, complaints, surveys, maintenance of medical records, and so on.Next is the research part.It serves as an objective basis for the formulation and validation of the findings.The research part of the study contains a systematic description of a corpse, and all the evidence that had been identified in the course of it.The sequence in which the statement of the facts established by the expert on their own, taking into account the peculiarities of the case.However, the expert does not have to go beyond the established rules.In particular, it is not permitted to replace the detailed descriptions of diagnoses damage.The conclusions of the expert - is motivated and scientifically based answers to questions put to him.Specialist may indicate in the conclusion of this part of the circumstances which, in his opinion, are relevant to the investigation, but has not been requested to clarify or study.Those questions, which are beyond the competence of an expert pays attention to making the relevant notes about that.Conclusion passed by the authorized officials.

Questions forensics

What does the research?A forensic examination of the corpse is carried out to identify the characteristics of the human condition before her death.In particular, experts reveal what diseases suffered citizen, establish a mechanism for obtaining them damage, injuries, wounds, fractures, obtained by the subject.In general it can be said that a forensic examination of death - the study of the physical state of the body - the bones, tissues, organs, muscles.


It should be noted that the forensic examination of death is carried out not only in criminal cases under investigation.The study, if necessary, may order any person concerned.Experts carried out studies in different directions.The main objective of the criminal proceedings is to clarify the circumstances of the death.In particular, it determines the cause and time of death.By studying the scene determined the approximate developments preceding death.If it was murder, initial examination of the corpse allows to characterize an instrument by which it was committed.

Psychological research

This is one of the activities of professionals.Psychological posthumous forensic examination, as opposed to other procedures not directly related to the human body.To determine the characteristics of the psychological state of the deceased made a study of documents, papers, various information concerning the conduct of the citizen in his lifetime.In some cases, the procedure is quite simple and does not take a long time.Study duration depends on the number of targets and the material provided.The more information provided, the better the professional judgment.Modern experts know how to study on the basis of third-party sources to conduct a post-mortem forensic examination.In many cases, using a sound approach and best practices, experts from a high certainty establish the psychological state of the person before the accident and during it.During the procedure, examined photos, videos, soundtracks speeches, letters and other papers.

Quality Assurance

posthumous forensic examination requires a modern approach.Today experts are used as pre-existing, as well as modern techniques.For a more thorough study of tissues of the body fragments using the latest equipment.Often, an expert has a very limited amount of material.For example, after the fire that killed the man, it is difficult to find the remains of the circumstances of the incident, a clear picture of events.However, if the use of advanced tools, tools, technical equipment, then the task is feasible.Equally important is the experience of the experts, the scope of their knowledge.In some cases, in difficult situations, when the investigation is complicated by any specific circumstances, they can be held and the staff uzkoprofilnyh institutions specializing in this or that direction.Their participation provides a comprehensive review of the circumstances and the case file.

In conclusion

Trial medical examination - a specific procedure.For its implementation requires special knowledge.In its work, the specialists follow the requirements established in the law.Implementation regulations, the use of modern methods and advanced technologies ensure high reliability and quality of research.