Among the basic sciences of the nature of a dominant place undoubtedly belongs to physics.We are surrounded by physical bodies around us there is a physical phenomenon, and we ourselves are part of this endless process.The versatility of this field of knowledge is difficult to overestimate, as it is difficult to specify the limits of its distribution.Almost all living and non-living matter can be explained by its laws, and it's amazing.But perhaps the largest number of mysteries and discoveries fraught with nuclear physics.
story of profession and specific
Who was nuclear physicist, what is this profession?To answer such questions, it is necessary to go back into the past, at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, when the atom was discovered, and scientists have determined the structure of the atomic nucleus.The very same nuclear or atomic physics - one of the areas of science, which studies the atom, its structure and properties, nuclear reactions, radioactive decay and more.The first kind of nuclear physicist, although this term did not yet exist, - the French scientist Becquerel.It was he, continuing experience of the Great Roentgen discovered radioactivity as a physical phenomenon.Other famous physicists and mathematicians - the couple Curie - continued study received polonium and radium.The invaluable contribution to the study of this phenomenon has brought Rutherford, defining for many years to come the main ways of physical science.
Start, as they say, was necessary.And the first half of the 20th century took place under the banner of studying the properties of atoms, atomic energy, its destructive and creative forces.The atomic nucleus, protons and neutrons as his main components have attracted attention not only physicists, but also chemists, biologists, mathematicians, physicians, technicians, which contributed to the emergence of new scientific fields and disciplines related to the core.A nuclear physicist gradually transformed into an independent direction, consisting of such sections as:
- nuclear reactions;
- elementary particles;
- nuclear spectroscopy and others.
Ultimately, in order to study how the effects of radiation on the environment and human, how to control thermonuclear reactions what to do with nuclear waste, how to properly and safely operate nuclear power plants and all kinds ofthermonuclear installation, and was "set up" the profession of nuclear physicist.
task specialists - to detect errors and eliminate their root causes.Job requires a thorough, sound knowledge and excellent theoretical and practical training.The areas of competence include but fundamental concepts, knowledge unit reactors, technology of their operation, the ability to diagnose and work with special devices and more.It is a nuclear physicist concludes that, as a nuclear reactor is efficient and environmentally safe.He decides to run or stop the Rector, leave to work in the tempo or reboot.
Occupation nuclear physicist in demand, especially in knowledge-intensive industries such as the nuclear power plant operation in scientific research and experimental laboratories, universities, etc.