World Day for Tolerance: the event and the history of the festival

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twenty-first century has allowed modern man to make many important discoveries and the development of new technology has greatly simplified our lives, making it more comfortable.But somehow it did not give homo sapiens become kinder and more tolerant towards each other.The eternal struggle between good and evil is still going on in our progressive time.

As a result, the news channels are filled with alarming reports about the facts of terrorism, aggression, criminal incidents.Today, therefore, the problem of finding the best methods of eradication of intolerance reaches enormous proportions, and is extremely important.An important step on the way to its solution can be regarded as Day of Tolerance, celebrated every year on November 16th.

International Day with a focus on tolerance

Two decades ago, in 1995, took place on the 28th UNESCO General Conference, which adopted the Declaration of Principles on Tolerance and solemnly announced plans to celebrate each year World Day for Tolerance.In this document, the term "tolerance" (or "tolerance") is seen as understanding and acceptance of versatility, diversity and originality of cultures existing on our planet.It is respect for others, despite their elected forms of expression and ways of their own individuality.

The Declaration stated that human nature is such that we all - different, and at the same time equal, regardless of appearance, race, social status, values ​​and behavior.Day of Tolerance is intended to emphasize this commonality.

future of humanity - in unity

Unfortunately, intolerance exists, continuing to be a threat to peace and harmony in the world.Therefore, humanity, taste the bitterness of debilitating wars, elected tolerance a fundamental principle of morality.

Increasingly, we come to understand that the intransigence and uncompromising have to disappear, to the fore need to put efforts to prevent emerging and overcoming existing conflicts.A wonderful reminder of this need is, in fact, the International Day for Tolerance.Activities that it provides the best teach us unity, justice and respect.

path to harmony with the world around

origin of the term "tolerance" is directly connected with the name of the influential figures in government circles in France at the turn of XVIII-HІX centuries - Talleyrand-Perigord.

Prince Talleyrand at one time was one of the closest aides of Napoleon.The man was able to stay on as foreign minister during the repeated change of power - the revolutionary, Napoleonic and royal.He was really talented in many areas, but especially well he was able to ignore the opinion of outsiders, to take into account their character and personal qualities, to treat them with respect and do not change their own principles, wipe out contentious issues, without prejudice to all parties involved.He controls the situation and not to blindly obey circumstances and opponents.

Using behavioral line of this policy as an example to follow, influential people of our time developed countries are calling people all over the world not to ignore the Day of Tolerance, and vice versa - to learn to be wise, loyal, merciful, compassionate, and forgiving.After all, these qualities help a person to be in constant harmony with the environment and to achieve success in all their endeavors, regardless of external factors.

Features tolerance and intolerance personality

tolerance should be considered as a person endowed with a special moral quality that reflects an active social position and lack of psychological barrier to constructive dialogue with representatives of other nationalities, social groups, different views, beliefs, worldviews and behavior.

intolerant personality shows such qualities as nihilism, selfishness, disregard for the opinions of others, intolerance and lack of understanding in relation to them, irritability, cynicism, contempt, desire to transfer responsibility to others, the constant feeling of impending threats and unjustified aggression.

Family and School: a policy of tolerance

Recent trends indicate a catastrophic rise in adolescent and youth of various forms of antisocial behavior.Notice, now familiar in our daily looks manifestation of brutality, violence, cruelty on the part of the younger generation.

And this serious problem is not indifferent to the most conscious members of the public, particularly parents and teachers.Today even developed a new, unique direction - pedagogy of tolerance.

attention to proper upbringing

leading task of modern educational policies - education, tolerance in children, youth and young adults.We offer short-examine the most effective teaching methods for the development of this quality at the school during the learning process.

uniquely conducive to tolerance education is considered to be a joint creative activity, especially if it has a meaningful social sense.Excellent results can be demonstrated and the use of brainstorming.This approach will enable each student to start a conversation, express their own opinions, offer a solution to a specific problem, to listen to others and to reach a compromise.This teacher should not show excessive care, opened to manage the process of discussion that will hinder the development of relations between children.Naturally, it is appropriate to plan similar events dedicated to the Day of Tolerance, which once again highlight the importance of the overall activities of the class group.

rules of constructive communication

accumulated experience of tolerant interaction contributes to the success and the special education of children through constructive dialogue.Achieving this goal is best contribute to communication training, developing the competence of pupils in the area of ​​establishing contacts with different people and provides them with ways to overcome difficulties in communication.Through these activities the Day of Tolerance in the school will not cause big problems for the organizers.The main thing, children should remember the following rules: learn to respect the neighbor;listen to what he says;tactfully defended his opinion;retrieves the appropriate arguments;be fair;Strive to consider the interests of others.

celebrate the Day of Tolerance in the school community

the purpose of forming and strengthening in the minds of the representatives of the younger generation the values ​​of social and cultural interaction in educational institutions decided to organize not one, but a small series of thematic sessions throughout the year.

But the most important - Day of Tolerance in school activities within it especially instructive and interesting.His program can significantly beautify interactive games, holiday concerts, "round tables", trainings, lectures, film screenings, tours and even creative festivals.It is better that it is the children were active participants of this meaningful diversity.