Amniocentesis - what is it?

Those months of life, when a woman is expecting a baby, you can call one of the most beautiful and wonderful.But not every the fairer sex everything runs smoothly.Sometimes you may experience various difficulties and complications.In this article, we will focus on the medical term called "amniocentesis".What is that you learn on.Also worth mentioning about how and when made this manipulation.What happens to the woman after amniocentesis, too, will be discussed in this article.

examination of pregnant women

While waiting for the expectant mother of the child have to pass the different diagnostic procedures.The most common of these is the study of blood and urine before each visit to the gynecologist.Also, several times during the pregnancy, prenatal diagnosis is performed.This procedure includes ultrasound examination and study of blood on the likelihood of fetal abnormality.The analysis also applies to amniocentesis prenatal research.However, it is not always carried out, and not every expectant mother.

Amniocentesis: what is it?

This procedure is not only diagnostic but also therapeutic.Its method is to obtain a liquid which contains the amniotic membrane.Simply put, amniocentesis - a way more thorough research on the state of the fetus and the method of carrying out certain types of correction.

Who appointed this procedure?

If your doctor alerted the results that has given prenatal diagnosis, you may be recommended to carry out such a procedure.It is worth noting that at the end of such events, you can opt out of the study.But this woman must be sure that will not be able to terminate the pregnancy, regardless of the results.

also amniocentesis (what it is, you already know) is assigned to those women who developed acute polyhydramnios.In this case, the condition can be corrected by the expectant mother.During the procedure removes part of the amniotic fluid and the fetus is regulated.

procedure may be designated when carried intrauterine fetal surgery.However, in the Russian Federation, such methods have not yet provided.

Amniocentesis and shown to those women who want to terminate a pregnancy at a late term.Note that this requires certain indications.Just a desire of women is not enough.


Many women have never heard of such a procedure, as amniocentesis, learn what it is only on the day of the study.If you are assigned this diagnosis, you should be aware of the method of its implementation and deadlines.Depending on the time indications of manipulation can be different.

Amniocentesis has the following terms:

  • Early diagnosis.It held for a period of 8 to 14 weeks of embryo development.Doctors do not welcome such an early study, as there is a high probability of complications.
  • usual diagnosis.Held in the period after 14 weeks.But the most optimal time for research - is 18-22 weeks of baby's life.
  • Late amniocentesis.It held solely on the testimony of a limited or, if necessary, termination of pregnancy.

How is the procedure?

To get started is to say that this method of diagnosis does not provide for any anesthesia.Many expectant mothers have passed this procedure, saying that it does not hurt.

manipulation Before the woman offered to take a sedative permitted during pregnancy, and drink several glasses of water.The presence of fluid in the bladder is a prerequisite.Only in this case the uterus rises and creates physicians the most convenient conditions for the introduction of a needle.

Also, before starting the procedure the woman carried a control ultrasound examination.This is necessary in order to study fetal position and number of embryos in the uterus.

During manipulation of the actions of the kid watches a special apparatus.He also controls the insertion of a needle.A puncture is made in the place where there is the placenta and umbilical cord loops.Risk to hurt the baby with a minimum.

when a long needle is inserted into the amniotic membrane, the catheter is connected and water is extracted for analysis.With the desired amount can be from 10 to 20 milliliters.If you need to abortion, amniocentesis is produced mostly "blind".Women in the amniotic sac introduced a special solution, which affects the fetus, killing him.

What to do after the procedure?

Immediately after the procedure the woman can go home.However, doctors examine the future mother and examine the condition of the fetus.In some cases, the fairer sex is recommended to stay in the hospital for a few hours.

If the expectant mother went home, she prescribed bed rest for a few days.This is strictly forbidden to lift heavy objects and straining.In most cases, pregnant women prescribed sedatives and means relieves muscle spasms.In some cases, complications after the procedure can begin only because of the emotional stress of a pregnant woman.

amniocentesis results are issued within a few days.At the conclusion of the medical institution is transferred immediately to the attending physician.Based on these data a decision on further tactics.

risks of the procedure

Like any other intervention in the body of the future mother, an amniocentesis has certain risks and possible complications.Let us consider in detail the possible consequences of the procedure.


Approximately two hundred women from going independent abortion after the procedure.This plays an important role the period for which the diagnosis was carried out.Thus, in the third trimester, the fetus has a good chance of survival in the provision of appropriate assistance.If implemented early amniocentesis, the pregnancy ends in miscarriage in the event of complications.

threatened abortion

After the procedure, about half of all women say cramping in the lower abdomen.This can be diagnosed with the "threat of premature birth."If the study was conducted in the first trimester, it may cause detachment of fetal membranes.If timely assistance provided the woman has every chance to continue the pregnancy.

Development infection

If during the procedure were violated rules of asepsis, the amniotic fluid may be infected.In any case, this manipulation is some percentage of the risk of joining the pathological process.In this case, the expectant mother should be as soon as possible to begin the appropriate treatment.Otherwise pathology can adversely affect the fetus.

Leaking amniotic fluid

After the procedure, some expectant mothers complain of leakage of amniotic fluid.In this case, a special test and confirming suspicions woman placed in a hospital, where he will remain until birth.

Injury child

In more rare cases during amnotsenteza injury may be applied to the future baby.With such a phenomenon encountered only a few women in a thousand pregnant women.However, the risk of this disease is and its worth mentioning.


After reading the article, you become aware of such a thing as amniocentesis (what it is, how and when performed).Before manipulation must take into account the possible risks.Consult your doctor before agreeing to the survey.I wish you health and good results of the study!