Buddhism as a world religion - one of the most ancient, and not in vain it is believed that without an understanding of its foundations is impossible to feel the richness of the culture of the East.Under her influence, many historical events formed and the core values of the peoples of China, India, Mongolia and Tibet.In today's world Buddhism under the influence of globalization has gained followers as even a few Europeans, spreading far beyond the area where it originated.
emergence of Buddhism
first learned about Buddhism in ancient India around the 6th century BCIn Sanskrit it means "enlightened doctrine" that truly reflects its organization.
Once Raja was born in a family of a boy who, according to legend, immediately got to his feet and pointed himself being who is superior to all gods and men.It was Siddhartha Gautama, who later underwent a significant transformation and became the founder of one of the largest religions of the world, still exists.The biography of this man and a history of the Buddhism.
Parents Gautama once invited seer to bless the newborn for a happy life.Asit (so-called hermit) saw a boy's body 32 marks of a great man.He said that the child will become a great king or a saint.When his father heard this, he decided to protect his son from a variety of religious movements and any knowledge of the suffering people.However, living in the 3 palaces with rich decoration, Siddhartha in 29 years felt that luxury - is not the goal of life.And embark on a journey beyond the locks, keeping it a secret.
outside the palace, he saw four sights that changed his life: a hermit, a beggar, a corpse and a sick person.So the future founder of Buddhism learned about suffering.After that, the person has undergone many metamorphoses Siddhartha he bumped into different religious currents, searching for the path to self-knowledge, studied concentration and austerity, but this has not led to the expected results, and those with whom he was traveling, had left him.After that Siddhartha stopped in a grove under the ficus and decided not to leave here until he finds the truth.After 49 days he gained knowledge of the Truth, reached the state of nirvana, and learned the cause of human suffering.Since then Gautama became the Buddha, which in Sanskrit means "enlightened one."
This religion carries the idea of not causing harm, making it one of the most humane.It teaches self-restraint and followers achieve the state of meditation, which eventually lead to the cessation of suffering and nirvana.Buddhism as a world religion differs from others in that the Buddha did not consider the basis of the divine teachings.He suggested the only way - through contemplation of his own spirit.Its purpose is to avoid the suffering that is achieved by following the four noble truths.
Buddhism as a world religion and its 4 main truth
- truth about suffering.Here there is the assertion that all is suffering, all the key moments of the existence of the individual are accompanied by this feeling: birth, illness and death.Religion is closely intertwined with this concept, linking virtually all being with him.
- truth about the cause of suffering.By this it is meant that every desire is the cause of suffering.In a philosophical sense - it is the will to live: it is finite, and it gives rise to suffering.
- Truth of the cessation of suffering.Nirvana is a sign of the cessation of suffering.Here, a person must experience the extinction of his instincts, attachments and achieve total indifference.The Buddha himself never answered the question, what is it, like the Brahmin texts, which claimed that the Absolute can only speak in negative terms, as it can not be formalized in words and thoughts comprehend.
- truth of the way.We are talking about the Eightfold Path that leads to nirvana.Buddhist must overcome three phases that have several steps: a step of wisdom, morality and concentration.
Thus, Buddhism as a world religion is very different from the others and offers its followers adhere to a common direction without specific instructions and laws.This contributed to the emergence of different directions in Buddhism, which allows everyone to choose the closest way to his soul.