What is participial: forms and use

In this article, the reader learns what was involved in trafficking in the English language.English participle (participle) - is an adjective derived from a verb, and it has similar and adverb properties;the verb form used as an adjective.In other words, the sacrament - a description (adjective), created from the word (verb), indicating the action.

Communion turnover in the English language and its forms

- Present Participle (another name Participle 1, ending in -ing): to read - reading (read - reading), to wait - waiting (waiting - waiting), tobring - bringing (carry - carrying), to be - being (be - being), to lead - leading (lead - lead).If the verb ends in unpronounceable -e, before "ingovym" end it falls (to give - giving, which in Russian means "giving - giving").If the verb ends in a consonant sound that precedes the stressed vowel, the final letter before the suffix is ​​doubled (to forget - forgetting, that the Russian language is translated "to forget - forget").For verbs of the type of lie (lie), die (die), tie (tie) present participle is formed in this way: lying, dying, tying.

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- Past Participle Participle or 2 (ends in -d, -ed; except in irregular verbs, which can have such endings as -en, -t, -n, -ne): to ask - asked (ask - one with anything asked), to deal - dealt (seen - Review), to eat - eaten (eat, eat - eaten), to go - gone (going - gone), to see - seen (watch- sighted).

dealt with the designation, and forms of communion, then look at what was involved in trafficking in practice.Let's start with Present Participle:

  1. Leaving the hall hurriedly, she ran out.She ran hastily leaving the hall.
  2. When reading Wuthering Heights, she hardly keeps herself from crying.Reading "Wuthering Heights", she barely holding back tears.
  3. We had breakfast outside upon the terrace facing the Louvre.We had breakfast on the terrace and looked out to the Louvre.

now see what is participial past tense:

  1. She replied through the locked wooden door.She said through the closed wooden door.
  2. We turned into the hall lit up with lamps.We turned into the corridor, lit by lanterns.
  3. Accompanied by her sister, she entered her new house.Accompanied by her sister, she went to her new home.

Despite the fact that in the above examples, almost all communions have both verbal characteristics and properties of adjectives and adverbs (as mentioned above), all of them - was involved in trafficking.The rules state that the Present Participle (Present participle. Sp.) In contrast to the Past Participle (and. Pr. Sp.) Has some form of consumption:

1) Indefinite Active (indefinitely active voice): writing;

2) Indefinite Passive (indefinitely passive voice): being written;

3) Perfect Active (perfect tense active voice): having written;

4) Perfect Passive (perfect tense of the passive voice): having been written.

Past Participle has no divisions in time, so there is only one form, which is able to express not only simultaneous action, and one that was previously the primary.If

deal more that is participial at higher levels of proficiency, it is possible to raise issues such as the function of the sacrament in the sentence.These functions apply to both the present participle and a past participle, the only difference in the forms of use.

The proposal participle may have the following function syntax:

  1. detection function (an attribute): The fence surrounding our house is lately painted.The fence that surrounds our house, newly painted.
  2. Function circumstances (an adverbial modifier): Arriving there my mum found everything that should be found in the kitchen.Arriving there, my mother found all that is usually found in the kitchen.
  3. predicative function (a predicative): The effect of my words was horrifying.The impression made by my words, it was terrible.
  4. As part of a complex supplement (part of a complex object): John has found her unaltered, but she has found him changed.He found that it has not changed and she found that he had changed.