Any adult knows that the common cold is not a reason to immediately start antibiotics.Such means, of course, have a great effect on the pathogens, and a person becomes easier the next day, but the damage they can inflict considerable.If the disease is at an early stage, it can be easily overcome with the help of copious drinking, antiviral drugs and bed rest.But in some cases, still without antibiotics is indispensable.
analyzes will help correct diagnosis
Before the doctor will prescribe antibiotic therapy for the treatment of SARS, will be a series of analyzes.The only way to ensure that a common cold acceded complications.If there is a cough, sputum culture will be executed.There will also be assigned to the general blood and urine tests.Determine whether antibiotics for ARI, will swab from the nose and throat.If there is a purulent infection, it can immediately recognize Buda.A major reason for the purpose of antibiotic therapy is to identify sticks Leffler (diphtheria).
To be more precise diagnosis, your doctor may suggest a patient to be examined in a hospital.Here you can carry out all the necessary laboratory tests and observe the condition of the patient.CBC will be performed several times.The physician should pay attention to whether the ESR increases, there is increased the total number of white blood cells.
draw attention to the mood
Joining bacterial infection can be determined by the general state of the organism.Typically, the body temperature rises sharply.If a cold complicated by pneumonia, the patient has dyspnea, and tormented by strong cough.In this case, ARI treated with antibiotics fail.
should pay attention to the color of nasal and throat.If the mucus becomes dark or green hue, with high probability we can say that there were complications.Bacterial infections of the genitourinary system urine becomes brown, it appears a precipitate which can be easily seen with the naked eye.The stool may notice blood or pus.
It often happens that after the onset of SARS has been held for several days, and antiviral treatment does not give any results.In addition, there may be additional unpleasant symptoms, such as headaches, nausea, insomnia.This may indicate the development of inflammation in the lungs and bronchi.Additionally, on the tonsils may appear purulent plaque, increasing the pain in my throat.
In case of complications that which antibiotic to take with SARS, the doctor should decide.Taken into account the patient's age, its history, the presence of the propensity to allergic reactions, localized complications and so on. D. Taking antibiotics without the consent of the therapist is not recommended.
When possible do without antibiotics?
Even if laboratory tests showed the presence of a bacterial infection, antibiotics for acute respiratory viral infections are not always accepted.Do not prescribe medicines when mucopurulent rhinitis, which lasts less than two weeks.Antibiotic therapy is started only when antiviral treatment does not give a positive result.Also, do not prescribe antibiotics when tracheitis, viral tonsillitis, nasopharyngitis, laryngitis.Antibacterial agents are not suitable for the treatment of herpes virus infection, which can occur during the period of SARS.
There are also cases when the use of antibiotics is necessary at the first symptoms of colds.When expressed signs of declining immunity drugs are used only for prevention.This is due to the fact that a weakening of the body is very likely to join a bacterial infection.Antibiotics for ARI for children is prescribed in case of a large underweight or in the presence of any physical abnormalities.
Indications for antibiotic
Antibiotics for acute respiratory viral infections in adults and children is prescribed in the first place with the appearance of the first symptoms of a sore throat or pneumonia.Doctors may be assigned to drugs from the group of penicillins or macrolides.When purulent lymphadenitis appointed broad-spectrum antibiotics.When complications such there is need for further consultation of a hematologist and surgeon.
When SARS may develop inflammation of the paranasal sinuses.Sinusitis - is a serious cause for concern.If the common cold appear yellow mucous discharge and pain in the area of the nose, it makes sense to turn to Laura.Accurate diagnosis will help put the X-ray examination.Antibiotics for acute respiratory viral infections for children and adults in the case of sinusitis assigns an audiologist.
In some cases antibiotic therapy is prescribed as a preventive measure.Patients who have recently had surgery, are treated with antibiotics SARS.In this preparation may be assigned a broad spectrum of action.Apply it will have at least five days.Thus, the physician is trying to protect the patient from developing any complications due to lower immunity.
What can be treated with antibiotics?
Depending on the shape of complications, the patient's general condition and his age the doctor selects an antibacterial drug.Penicillin antibiotics can be administered only to those patients who do not have the tendency to allergic reactions.When angina can be administered drugs such as "Ekoklav", "Amoxiclav", "Augmentin".This drug, which is called "protected penicillins."They have a mild effect on the human body.
When infection of the respiratory system most commonly prescribed macrolides."Macropen", "Zetamaks" - antibiotics for acute respiratory viral infections in adults, if it starts bronchitis.In diseases of the upper respiratory tract can be assigned to products "Sumamed", "Hemomitsin", "Azitroks."
If there is resistance to the penicillin group of drugs, antibiotics are appointed from a number of fluoroquinolones.This "Levofloxacin" or "Moxifloxacin".Fluoroquinolones - banned antibiotics for ARI for children.The skeleton babies still not formed, so there may be unexpected side effects.In addition, the fluoroquinolones are redundant medicines you may need a man in adulthood.The sooner they begin to take, the sooner will begin to develop addictive.
physician should choose the best antibiotic in the ARI, based on the characteristics of the patient and the form of complications.The specialist must do everything to the maximum to help the patient overcome the disease, while avoiding adverse reactions.The problem is compounded by the fact that every year the pathogens are becoming increasingly resistant to antibiotics of a wide spectrum of action.
How to take antibiotics?
use antibiotics when SARS is only necessary if it is impossible to do without them.Runny nose and cough mild perfectly treated with antiviral drugs.Further therapy is when the complications start, and the symptoms of colds joins a bacterial infection.If high fever lasts for more than three days, there pus, deteriorating general condition of the patient, an antibiotic is prescribed.
All information on antibiotics, it is desirable to record in a special notebook.At pathogens can develop immunity to antibiotics.Therefore, treatment can not begin to drastic means.In case of complications the physician necessarily ask about what antibiotics for ARI were taken earlier.One and the same drug will not give equally good results in the treatment of different patients.
To find the right antibiotics for acute respiratory viral infections, bacterial inoculation should be spent.Thus it will be possible to determine sensitivity of the microorganisms to a specific group of antibacterial drugs.The problem can only consist in the fact that a laboratory analysis can last from two to seven days.During this time, the patient may deteriorate.
antibiotics for the flu and SARS should be taken strictly under the scheme.One need only one day to forget about drugs, and again manifest unpleasant symptoms.Between taking pills must pass a certain period of time.If the drug is taken twice a day, then this should be done strictly within 12 hours.
How many days to take antibiotics?
matter what antibiotics prescribed by a doctor with SARS, they should take at least five days.The very next day after the start of antibiotic therapy the patient will feel a significant relief of their condition.But interrupt treatment in any case impossible.The duration of the antibacterial drugs sets therapist.
There are long-acting antibiotic that are assigned to the most severe cases.Driving their reception is divided into several stages.The patient will have to take pills for three days, then take a break for a period of time.Receiving antimicrobials occurs in three passes.
Any antibiotics are not only pathogens but also to those that benefit.During treatment disrupts the natural intestinal microflora.Therefore, in addition worth taking drugs that can restore normal health.Have a good effect drugs such as "Bifiform", "Linex", "Narine", "gastrofarm."It should not only take probiotics, but also to eat more dairy products.The drugs are taken in between taking antibiotics.
In the period of treatment must be a special diet.It should eat more vegetables and fruits, to give up fatty and spicy foods.Any antibiotics for acute respiratory viral infections in adults and children depress liver function.You need to eat light foods that are not going to burden the body.White bread is desirable to replace the black and dried fruits become a great alternative to sweets.
Antibacterials for adults
Cephalosporins - semisynthetic antibiotics of a wide spectrum of action.There are several generations of these funds.The most popular drugs are considered "Aspeter", "Tseporin", "Cephalexin".They can be assigned in various diseases of the respiratory system."ASPET" also suitable for baby use, provided that the patient has a weight over 25 kg.
Fluoroquinolones - broad-spectrum drugs that are rapidly absorbed into the soft tissue.The most popular are considered "levofloxacin" and "Moxifloxacin".These antibiotics are contraindicated for children, for women during pregnancy and lactation, as well as people with epilepsy.Familiar as cases of severe allergic reactions to fluoroquinolones.Formulations applied twice daily and 500 mg.
Macrolides - drugs with bacteriological action.Can be administered in such complications of SARS, bronchitis, tonsillitis, otitis media, sinusitis and pneumonia.To macrolides include "Azithromycin" and "Erythromycin".It is difficult to answer the question, what is better when SARS antibiotic.After the effect of the admission of macrolides may be noticeable only after 2-3 days.These drugs are allowed to receive during pregnancy and lactation.The daily dosage of the drug can not exceed 1.5 g (divided into 5-6 receptions).
Penicillin - antibiotics, acting on streptococci and staphylococci.The most common such formulations are considered as "Amoksiklav" "amoxicillin".This group of antimicrobials is considered the least toxic.It can be used in child therapy.The efficiency of the reception can be seen within a few days.The general course of treatment should last at least five days.In the most severe cases penicillin taken 10-14 days.
What antibiotics to children with SARS most often prescribed?
In diseases of the upper respiratory tract kids older than three months, often appoint "Augmentin".This drug is available in pharmacies as a powder.This was converted into a suspension and allowed to children 3 times a day.In rare cases, an allergic reaction can occur in the form of a rash.A positive result of the treatment can be seen the next day after the start of antibiotic therapy.
When SARS complications such as otitis media, tonsillitis, cystitis, sinusitis, children can be assigned to "Zinatsef."The drug is presented in the form of solution for injection.The dosage is determined by the age and weight of the child.The drug is diluted with water.
«Sumamed Forte" - another popular drug in pediatric therapy.The antibacterial agent has a broad spectrum of activity and allows you to overcome the disease in the shortest possible time.Lekarstsv "Sumamed" is contraindicated in children younger than 6 months.The drug is presented in the form of a powder which is reconstituted with a suspension.The dosage is calculated based on the weight of the child (10 mg per 1 kg of body weight).The drug is taken once a day.