development of memory and attention is one of the most important moments in the education of children of preschool age.It is much more important than the acquisition of specific skills (learning to read, numeracy, writing).And this is due to the fact that the ability to focus on a particular task, notice the little things, and quickly memorize new information is equally useful in the study of any field.
How to develop memory and attention in children?First of all it depends on the age of the child.In the first years of life the baby is actively developing, and each short period of development has its own characteristics:
- to 1 year.During this period, mainly develops motor memory.That is the best crumb remembers movements that performs.It is better to remember those who were accompanied by certain emotions and / or have had some result.
- 1-2 years.Displacement and memorizing strength in this period increases.The kid starts to remember and recognize loved ones (besides the parents).From year to two forms shaped memory, which explains that the first conscious memory of man, as a rule, belong to this period.
- 2-4 years.A new period in the life of a little man making further changes in the process of memory.At this age a baby begins to store more complex words, he laid the foundations of logical thinking.In addition, the expanded range of the received and imprinted in the memory of motor skills.
- 4-6 years.The baby in this period can spontaneously remember anything, but mainly in the delayed memory that he is interested in, that is strong and vivid emotions.
How to develop memory and attention in children?There are some effective exercises for the development of memory, and now we will look at the major ones:
- first exercise is ideal for the development of motor memory.Of course, the most interesting, if some participants in the game.The point is simple: a child is blindfolded and the accompanying adult becomes a "puppeteer".His task - to hold the baby, holding his shoulders, on a certain route (for example, do three steps to the left, 2 back, then sit down and do another 4 steps to the right).After that, the child's eye is removed the bandage, and he must pass this way again.
- talking about how to develop memory and attention in children, it is impossible not to recall one more familiar to us all from childhood game.You need to print two images - the "original" and its copy, which will be missing some of the elements (or present new).The task of the child - to find differences between the two pictures.
- auditory and associative memory can also be improved.There are special exercises for this.Mom or Dad calls the word, such as "candy."The child has to describe the appearance of some properties of an object or action that you can take with him.In the case of this candy may be the word "sweet, smells good, it can dissolve or chew on."In addition, the development of auditory memory very well affect the exercise when the child repeats (tap) rhythm set by adults.
Continuing the theme of how to develop memory and attention, you should definitely say that the best educated kids in the game.There are many educational games.A striking example - we all loved since childhood mazes.They can draw on their own or download.No less interesting are the games of confusion, in which the child needs to determine who is a tangle of knits, or which road leads to some castle.When we develop memory, attention, thinking and logic, can be very useful are exercises in which the child should be connected in sequence points to get some kind of pattern.You can also make cards, which will depict objects whose names sound similar (for example, a spoon and a cat, mildew and the Rose).Problem baby - choose matching pairs of images.Games, developing memory and attention, you can buy in a store or do it yourself.