Einstein once said that people - part of a whole, called by us the Universe.This part is limited in both time and space.And when a person feels as something separate, it is self-deception.The relationship between man and nature has always excited the great minds.Especially nowadays, when one of the main venues is the problem of human survival as a species in the world, the problem of preserving all life on our planet.To learn how to manifest the relationship between man and nature, in what ways we can try to harmonize it, read this article.
inseparability of man, like all living things on Earth, from the biosphere determines its existence.And this vital activity becomes possible only under adequate conditions, very limited.The narrow scope of relevant features of the human body (shown, for example, that an increase in the overall ambient temperature just a few degrees can lead to disastrous results for human).He demands for itself maintain that environment, the environment, which hosted its previous evolution.
ability to adapt
Knowledge and understanding of this range - is an urgent need for humanity.Of course, each of us can adapt to the environment.But it occurs gradually, little by little.More dramatic changes, exceeds the capacity of our body, can lead to pathological phenomena and ultimately to death.
Biosphere and noosphere
Biosphere - all life, things on Earth.In addition to plants and animals, and it includes people like her a big part.The impact of the human species affects the process of reorganization of the biosphere more and more intense.This is due to the impact of scientific and technological progress in the last few centuries of human existence.Thus, a transition of the biosphere to the noosphere (from the Greek for "mind," "reason").Moreover, the noosphere is not a detached realm of the mind, but rather, the next stage of evolutionary development.This new reality, associated with various forms of impact on nature and the environment.Noosphere also implies not only the use of science, but also the cooperation of all mankind, for the conservation and rational and humane attitude to universal home.
great scientist, defining the very concept of the noosphere, stressed in his writings that the person can not be physically independent of the biosphere, humanity - is a living substance associated with the processes taking place there.In other words, for a full human existence is not only important social environment, but also among natural (it needs to determine its quality).These fundamentals, like air, water, earth provide life itself on our planet, and including - human!The destruction of the complex, the removal of at least one component of the system would lead to the death of all living things.
need for good human ecology have been formed in ancient times, along with the need for food, shelter, clothing.In the early stages of development of environmental requirements are met, as it were automatically.Representatives of the human race were convinced that all these good things - water, air, soil - they are entitled in sufficient quantity and at all times.The deficit - is not sharp, but frightening - was felt by us only in the last decade, when the threat of environmental crisis came to the fore.Today, many already it is clear that to maintain a healthy environment is no less important than to eat or to sell spiritual needs.
Apparently, the time has come for mankind to reorient the main directions of development of science and technology to the attitude towards nature and the environment was different.This concept should rightfully take their central place in people's minds.The philosophy and practice, dealing with the environment, has long been rendered the final verdict: a person changes his attitude to nature (and the correspondingly changes), or it will be destined to be razed to the ground.And that, according to many scientists, will happen soon enough!So, time to think, we become less and less.
man's relationship to nature
at different times were not easy relations.The idea that man - part of nature, was expressed and embodied in ancient times.In various pre-Christian religious cults we see the deification of the Earth Mother, the aquatic environment, wind, rain.Many pagans there was a concept: people - part of nature, and she, in turn, was seen as the single source of all that exists.The Indians, for example, there were powerful spirits of mountains, streams and trees.And some beasts cultivated meaning of equality.
With the advent of Christianity and the changing relationship of man to nature.The man already feels himself the servant of God, whom God created in his own image.The concept of nature as it goes by the wayside.There is a kind of reorientation: the relationship between man and nature is broken.Instead, she cultivated the relationship and unity with the divine.
But in the philosophical systems of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century we see the formation of the idea of the God-man, where the individual is seen as the undisputed king of all things.Thus, the problem of man and nature is unequivocally in favor of the former.A relationship with God and did come to a standstill.The term "man - the king of nature" with particular force is cultivated in the mid to late twentieth century.This justifies mindless cutting of strategically important forests, rivers turning back, comparing the mountains to the ground, irrational use of natural gas and oil resources of the planet.All this - the negative action of man in relation to the environment in which he lives and exists.The problem of man and nature as much as possible is sharpened to form ozone holes, the appearance of the effect of global warming and other negative effects, leading the Earth and humanity itself to death.
Back to basics
Nowadays there is a trend of people returning "to the bosom of nature."The relationship between man and nature revision of many public figures and organizations (eg, the movement of "Greenpeace", which stands for universal environmental preservation and rational use of natural resources).In science, as we see the successful implementation of the ideas of environmentally friendly machinery.This electric and vactrain and magnetic motors.All of them contribute to the preservation of the environment, in every way prevent its further pollution.Large business conduct technical reconstruction of enterprises, leading products in compliance with international environmental standards.Driving "man and nature" again begins to be active.Progressive mankind restores the old family ties.If only it was too late, but people still hope that Mother Nature they will understand and forgive.
Man and Nature: writing topics
In this light, it becomes necessary and important education of the generation that will reasonably and with due reverence for the environment.Schoolboy, taking care of the birds and the trees, cultural throws ice cream wrapper in the trash, do not torture animals - that's what you need at the present stage.Cultivating these simple rules in the future society can shape a generation, forming the correct noosphere.In this important role played by the school works "Man and Nature".Topics may vary for junior and senior classes.The important thing: working on these essays, students become part of the nature, learn to carefully and respectfully treat her.The children are aware of the relationship between man and nature, the arguments that are irrefutable evidence of the unity and indivisibility of these concepts.
Reasonable media conversion
Of course, every society influences the geographical environment in which it lives directly.Converts it, using the achievements of previous generations, reports Wednesday the legacy to their offspring.According Pisarev, all work on the transformation of nature put into the ground like a large savings bank.But it is time to use all reasonable created mankind to benefit nature and forget all the negative things forever!