For everyone who begins to learn English, it is very important to study such time as the Present Simple.Its rules are very simple, but often they are not understood.And then the problems start: something is not clear, something forgotten, but something stubbornly refuses to fit into a system built into the head of the language.Let's try to fix this unfortunate misunderstanding.
Before talking, actually, about the time needed to introduce some concepts without which we can not understand and remember anything.
All offers any language are divided into three types: affirmative, negative and questions.Example: affirmative - "My mother fed her daughter porridge."A question: "Where are my gloves?".Negative: "I do not go to school."This division is very important to us - with his help we will derive the basic rules Present Simple.
It is worth mentioning that as a verb, as auxiliary.They help to form the semantic interrogative or affirmative sentence, but by themselves do not mean anything.Supporting English language are have, do, does, shall, did, will, etc.
in respect of their use in the Present Simple rules are simple: in this time of the auxiliaries used indefinitely do, or does.The first - in the presence of pronouns in the sentence 1 and 2 persons singular and plural pronouns and 3rd person plural (I, we, you, they).Second - for the pronoun 3rd person singular (he, she, it).
So, what is the Present Simple in general?This time, which indicates the uncertainty in the time or frequency of occurrence of an action on a fact which is true in general or for the present.For example: "I love apples", "Sea water is salty," etc.
As form Present Simple?Rules will be convenient to introduce a scheme for each of the types of proposals.
Affirmative is formed as follows: in the first place the subject of action - subject (subject most often nouns and pronouns), the second - the main (semantic) verb (which has a value - run, laugh, draw, cry, etc..).If the subject can be replaced by the singular pronoun 3rd person, it should be added to the verb ending -s or -es.On this detail is often forgotten that generates a lot of mistakes.
To form an interrogative sentence in the Present Simple rule will look like this: in the first place - the question word (if the question is not common).
Otherwise, in the first place should be the auxiliary verb present indefinitely - do or does.In second place - subject, on the third - the primary (in other words, semantic) verb endings without adding -s or -es.
negative proposal form should be as follows.The first place you want to put the subject on the second - the auxiliary verb, the third - a piece not, the fourth - the semantic (or main) verb, but without the ending -s or -es.
As you can see in the Present Simple rules are quite simple and clear.The main thing - to understand and assimilate them, and not just memorize them.Many students simply memorize the scheme, not being able to apply them.Benefit from this absolutely no.Avoid these mistakes!More attention, zeal and diligence - and you will succeed!Good luck to you!