Bunching onion - an ancient culture, more than three thousand years cultivated in countries such as China, Japan, Korea.In these regions, you can still find it a wild-growing plant.Cultivated onions as occurs in many countries in Europe, in the US, as well as almost everywhere in Russia.
particularly fond of this plant in Siberia, where the weather conditions are conducive to periodic frosts that the crop is well tolerated.But the rest of the Welsh onion is not as unpretentious.He loves moist, fertile soil on which there will be no crops, except for this plant.For timely weeding and fertilizing the plant will thank their hosts early ripening (releasing the arrow on the month before the onions) and good yields (up to three per season when the weather is good).
from onion varieties of this culture is characterized by a thick sheet and a small oblong bulb with red-brown or yellowish scales.The plant is a perennial, grows rapidly after the first cutting.As the Welsh onion is increasing annually by the processes of turning into a kind of bush.From the second year, the culture of flowers spherical inflorescences.After the fourth year of planting is necessary to update the plant through seeding.
Farming bow of this type is quite simple.In autumn dig the ground make 1-2 buckets of compost per 1 meter.Spring on the same area make 200 g ash and 30 g urea.The plant can be propagated by dividing the existing "bush" or to sow the seeds in a greenhouse or soil.The division of the bush is made in the summer, after flowering, based on the yield of the next season.The plants are placed 25 cm apart with the distance between the rows of 0.4 meter.
seeds are planted in a greenhouse in March.In the same period, under favorable external conditions, the seeds can be planted in open ground, where they are likely to give a crop in the same year.The next period of sowing onion batun is June and July, but in this case the crop will be only in the following year.Consumption of seed up to 1.5 grams per 1 m. Sowing - a string, with a distance of 25 cm between rows.Before sowing, the soil is fertilized with the following combination of fertilizer: manure (20 kg to 10 meters), nitrate (lime-ammonia or ammonia, 300-500 gr.), Potassium salt (40%, 300-400 gr.), Superphosphate (400-600c.).After sowing the soil should be mulched.
Care culture is to weeding, watering, hoeing and feeding of (post-emergence application is brought to 10 g. Of potash and nitrogen fertilizers per 1 m).In the winter of land cleared of dry leaves, and arrows, the distance between the rows of loose.
Bunching onion cultivation is not difficult for a little bit of an experienced agronomist, has a number of valuable properties.It extremely high amounts of vitamin C, thiamine is present, zinc, calcium, carotene and essential oils.Eating this plant helps to prevent colds, improve appetite and activity digestive tract.The green part of the culture of good help for kidney disease, gout, rheumatism, and influenza.Especially delicious is considered Welsh onion, cooked in the oven with cheese and eggs.A finely chopped leaves from ancient times are used as an antiseptic.Therefore, to have a plant in the area is extremely profitable.