Even non-agricultural people know that are found in the soil so-called earthworms.In fact, these kinds of things in the world are many, and in some countries, breeding worms is a very profitable business.
based on what is such a demand for them?Not only fishermen amateur interested in a lot of their traditional bait in the ground, but gardeners and gardeners who grow a wide variety of agricultural and ornamental crops.The ancient farmers noticed that a large number of underground dwellers a positive effect on plants.Breeding worms in ancient Greece and Egypt was based on the opinion of famous scientists of the time.For example, Aristotle gave them the name "intestines of the earth."
already experienced by modern scholars were convinced that worms recycle the remains of plants and earth, thus greatly enrich the soil with nutrients.By the end of 50 years of the twentieth century in countries with intensive forms of agriculture, farmers began breeding worms specifically for their farms.For the first time there was a scientific concept "vermiculture" indicating breeding these living beings on a large scale.At the same time the worm was launched, named Californian whereby vermiculture spread throughout the world.This new breed, which was received at UCLA by hybridization of different species of earthworms.Intense red color distinguishes it from a less colored brethren.
earthworms produces large numbers of vermicompost, which is the product release of their digestive system.He has a number of useful substances.It contains a large number of different microorganisms, most of which - nitrogen fixers and actinomycetes which actively growing plants.In biohumus practically no pathogens.In this matter the concentration of magnesium and calcium is increased 2, potassium - 10, phosphorus - 7 times.Due to the content in biohumus so-called bio-stimulants, he has a strong stimulating effect on the plant and its productivity.
California rock allows the breeding of worms in the home and industrial scale.The habitat of these creatures - saturated organic substrate (compost, manure, organic waste and waste).Californian worms are not bred in the soil.They are the true longevity (living up to 16 years), with each individual postpones for one season about 20 cocoons.Their extreme gluttony.Per day worm eats substrate 2 times its weight.
They thrive in relatively small wooden boxes, almost raspolzayas of them, which makes breeding worms home pretty simple process.First, you need to stock up on deep containers with a solid bottom on which poured dry sand.Next, put the container low wooden boxes with small holes.They poured special substrates, or a mixture of manure, organic waste and soil.Breeding worms begins with "settling" of the container.They are placed on the surface of the moist substrate, and the container is covered with polyethylene.
Once the worms will process substrate 1 drawer put 2 and then 3, and after processing the substrate in 2 drawer worms crawl in 3, and the first two boxes formed vermicompost exempt.Constantly changing drawers places, you can get quite a number of high-quality fertilizer, which is used for its intended purpose.Wet sand from the bottom of the container was changed to dry and used as a valuable soil additive.In winter, Californian worms kept in warm basements.
conventional breeding earthworms can produce compost in pits that are regularly added to the organic waste, grass, leaves.Redesigned with vermicompost worms spilling into the garden in rainy weather.These worms also enrich the soil with oxygen.